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History & Background, Educational System—overview, Preprimary & Primary Education, Secondary Education, Higher EducationCONSTITUTIONAL & LEGAL FOUNDATIONS, NONFORMAL EDUCATION

Official Country Name: Republic of Guinea
Region: Africa
Population: 7,466,200
Language(s): French
Literacy Rate: 35.9%
Academic Year: October-July
Number of Primary Schools: 3,723
Compulsory Schooling: 6 years
Public Expenditure on Education: 1.9%
Foreign Students in National Universities: 45
Educational Enrollment: Primary: 674,732
  Secondary: 143,243
  Higher: 8,151
Educational Enrollment Rate: Primary: 54%
  Secondary: 14%
  Higher: 1%
Teachers: Primary: 13,883
  Secondary: 4,958
  Higher: 947
Student-Teacher Ratio: Primary: 49:1
  Secondary: 29:1
Female Enrollment Rate: Primary: 41%
  Secondary: 7%
  Higher: 0.3%

The constitution of 1958 guarantees free, compulsory, and equal education to every citizen until the age of 15. However, the legal and constitutional foundations of the educational system have been undermined by an early Socialist-inspired plan that often resulted in decrees being directly handed down from the executive branch of the government without any consultation or debate with qualified experts.

Illiteracy is an ongoing problem that the Guinean government addresses through regular nationwide campaigns. While progress has been made, the percentage of illiterates among the adult population is still among the highest in West Africa. In 2000, adult literacy rates were 36 percent for males and 22 percent for females. There has been an effort to promote literacy in the national and tribal dialects, but that rate still does not exceed 50 percent.

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