The only university in Chad is the Université de N'Djaména, located in the capital and founded in 1971 under the name of "Université du Tchad." Its academic year runs from October to June, and the two languages of instruction are French and Arabic. The university is divided into four schools: the Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (School of Humanities and Social Sciences); the Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Appliquées (School of Exact and Applied Sciences); the Faculté de Droit et Sciences Economiques (School of Law and Economics); and the Faculté de Médecine (Medical School). The School of Medicine is the most recent addition to the Université de N'Djaména. It opened in 1990 and had a six-year curriculum (as with the French medical model, medical studies in Chad include both premed and medical education in one continuing program) and graduated its charter class in 1997. In 2000, the medical school had a total enrollment of 251 students. In 2001, the Université de N'Djaména had 5,230 students and a faculty of 122, including only 5 women. The university offers a three-year curriculum. After the successful completion of the first two years, students are awarded the DEUG Diplôme Universitaire d'Etudes Générales (General Education University Certificate), and after one additional year the Licence (B.A., or B.S.). Since 1998, the Université de N'Djaména offers programs leading to the Master's degree in jurisprudence, economics, biology, history, geography, and Arabic literature. The language of instruction in graduate and medical education is French, with a minority of programs offering dual instruction in Arabic (literature and history).
In the 1960s, the French government offered a large number of graduate scholarships to Chadian students, but this trend tapered off by the early 1980s. In the late 1970s, the Soviet government also began to offer scholarships for graduate education, but these almost disappeared after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Today, the majority of Chadian students continue their graduate education on the African continent, receiving scholarships from francophone countries such as Morocco and Tunisia, or Arab countries such as Egypt and Iraq. To Chadian students of the new millennium, the United States and Canada represent a popular and much-sought after destination, though a fair amount of students grow disillusioned at the materialism and racial tensions they encounter on the North American continent.
There are also other schools and institutes within the Chadian system of higher education:
- The Ecole Normale Supérieure (The National Normal School). Located in N'Djamena, it trains secondary school teachers.
- The Ecoles Normales (Normal Schools). These are located in N'Djamena, Moundou, Sahr, Abéché, and Bangor to train primary school teachers.
- The Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (The National Training Institute for Civil Servants) (ENAM). It is located in N'Djamena and was founded in 1965.
- The Ecole Nationale des Télécommunications. Located in Sahr, it trains telecommunication technicians.
- The Institut de Recherches du Coton et des Textiles Exotiques (IRCT). A research institute located in N'Djamena, it was founded in 1939.
- The Laboratoire de Recherches Vétérinaires et Zootechniques de Farcha (Veterinary and Zoological Research Institute). Founded in 1952, it researches and produces vaccines.
- The Institut National des Sciences Humaines. Founded in 1961 in D'Djamena, it conducts research in paleontology, ethno-sociology, and oral traditions.
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