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Malta - History & Background, Constitutional & Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Secondary Education, Higher Education - PREPRIMARY & PRIMARY EDUCATION, NONFORMAL EDUCATION, SUMMARY

available students government rate

Official Country Name: Republic of Malta
Region: Europe
Population: 391,670
Language(s): Maltese, English
Literacy Rate: 88%
Academic Year: September-July
Compulsory Schooling: 11 years
Foreign Students in National Universities: 62
Libraries: 3
Educational Enrollment: Primary: 35,273
  Secondary: 34,128
  Higher: 8,260
Educational Enrollment Rate: Primary: 107%
  Secondary: 84%
  Higher: 29%
Teachers: Primary: 1,824
  Secondary: 3,180
  Higher: 709
Student-Teacher Ratio: Primary: 19:1
  Secondary: 11:1
Female Enrollment Rate: Primary: 107%
  Secondary: 82%
  Higher: 32%

The majority of children attend a state or private kindergarten before beginning primary school. In 1988 the National Minimum Curriculum for kindergartens and primary schools was established. The new curriculum was transformed into specific objectives, and newly designed courses were introduced in 1990. About eleven examinations are given at the end of primary education.

In the 1990s adult and evening classes were expanded to meet the needs of students and working professionals. The Further Studies and Adult Education Department began publishing an official catalog of evening courses in 1996. A cable television channel broadcast its first live transmission during an education fair in 1996, initiating a new avenue for distance learning.

The Maltese educational system, once highly politicized, now serves to provide students with the academic and technical skills needed to help the country participate in the European economy. Malta's ties to the European Union, expanding tourist industry, and greater dependence on international relations indicates that the government will continue to devote resources to provide students with a quality education.


Altavista. Malta. Available from

Education in Malta—Recent Developments. Government of Malta, September 1997. Available from

Malta. CIA World Factbook 2000. Available from

The Ministry of Education and National Culture. White Paper for Vocational Education and Training After the Age of 16 Years. 1998. Available from

Monaghan, Peter. "The Return of a Socialist Government Makes Many Academics in Malta Nervous; the Party's Policies in the Past led to an Exodus of Intellectuals." The Chronicle of Higher Education. 43(18) (10 January 1997): 58.

"School's Out: Mintoff Takes on an Old Enemy." Time 124(24 September 1984): 43.

University of Malta. University of Malta—History. Available from

—Mark Connelly

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