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Constitutional & Legal Foundations

The first president of the Republic after the Soviet era was Zviad Gamsakhurdia. After a period of disorder in which Gamsakhurdia was forced to flee and ultimately died, President Shevardnadze was elected by popular vote for a five-year term and was re-elected in 2000.

The country has a legislature, referred to as Parliament, which is unicameral—that is, it has only one house—and the members serve four-year terms. There are 235 members. The judicial branch is a supreme court, which is elected by Parliament on the recommendation of the president.

With regard to education, Article 35 of the Constitution of the Republic of Georgia states:

  • Each citizen has the right to education and freedom of choice in education is recognized.
  • The state guarantees that educational programs conform to international standards and rights.
  • The state guarantees preschool education. Primary education is mandatory for all, and the state provides free primary education. Citizens also have the right to free secondary, professional, and tertiary education at state institute, within the framework and by the rules established in law.
  • The state supports educational institutions by the right established in law.

Additional topics

Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.comGlobal Education ReferenceGeorgia - History Background, Constitutional Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Preprimary Primary Education, Secondary Education