3 minute read

Croatia

Summary


The people of the Republic of Croatia have faced many challenges in the years since the Dayton Accords of 1995 brought the war involving Croatia to a halt. Significant progress had been made by the year 2000 in planning for the thorough transformation of an educational system long outdated and ripe for improvement. With an upturn in the national economy by early 2000 and the political shift that occurred in February 2000, Croatia seemed ready to begin the formidable task of restructuring its education system and improving its methods of training not only students but also teachers, administrators, and other adults. Most government officials closely involved with the plans for education reform realized the magnitude of the work that lay before them, but Croatia's Minister of Education and Sports in June 2000 may have best summed up the broad significance and basic requirements of the changes to be made. In his foreword to the proposal of education reforms prepared by the Ministry's Council of Education for public discussion and official debate, Minister Vladimir Strugar astutely observed:


The building of a multi-party, pluralistic and democratic society, a return to re-embracement of authentic moral and cultural values, values of work and entrepreneurship, respect for private property, respect of laws and recognition of personal differences, as well as a whole range of other characteristics within the contemporary European school—while at the same time retaining all those elements specific to Croatia—is an ambitious task which can be realized only through good organization and with well motivated teachers.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Berryman, Sue E. Hidden Challenges to Education Systems in Transition Economies. Washington, DC: The World Bank, Europe and Central Asia Region, Human Development Sector, 2000.

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices—2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State, February 2001. Available from http://www.state.gov/.

CARNet. Croatian Homepage. Available from http://www.hr/.

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The World Fact-book 2000. Directorate of Intelligence, 1 January 2001. Available from http://www.cia.gov/.

Council of Education, Ministry of Education and Sports. The Basis for the Education System in the Republic of Croatia (Proposal for discussion). Zagreb: Ministry of Education and Sports, June 2000. Available from http://www.mips.hr/

European Training Foundation. Croatia. European Union. Available from http://www.etf.eu.int/.

Government of the Republic of Croatia. Available from http://www.vlada.hr/.

Human Rights Watch. World Report 2001. Available from http://www.hrw.org/.

Independent Task Force with Steven Rattner and Michael B.G. Froman. Promoting Sustainable Economies in the Balkans. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, Inc., 2000.

Jeffries, Ian, ed. Problems of Economic and Political Transformation in the Balkans. New York: Pinter, 1996.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Croatia. About Croatia. Available from http://www.mvp.hr/.

Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of the Republic of Croatia. Higher Education. Available from http://www.mzt.hr/.

Pugelnik, Bozidar. "Address by the Minister of Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia, His Excellency Bozidar Pugelnik." Speech presented at UN-sponsored World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth, 10 August 1998. Available from http://www.un.org/.

Ramet, Sabrina Petra, and Ljubiša S. Adamovich. Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995.

South East European Educational Cooperation Network. Step by Step in Croatia. Available from http://www.seeeducoop.net/.

UNICEF. Croatia. Available from http://www. unicef.org/.

World Bank, Human Development Network. Education Sector Strategy. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 1999.

World Bank Group. Country Brief: Croatia. Available from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/.

——. Croatia. Available from http://wbln0018. worldbank.org/.

——. Croatia at a Glance. Available from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/.

——. Croatia Data Profile. World Development Indicators database. Available from http://devdata.worldbank.org/.


—Barbara Lakeberg Dridi

Additional topics

Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.comGlobal Education ReferenceCroatia - History Background, Constitutional Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Preprimary Primary Education, Secondary Education