The people of the Republic of Cameroon have experienced a very erratic course of educational development in the last two decades of the twentieth century. Whereas school enrollments had reached admirable levels in comparison to many other sub-Saharan African countries by the early 1980s, economic crises in Cameroon in the middle of that decade spoiled the country's promising educational performance and led to severe disruptions in the provision of education and the training of teachers. Deliberate government efforts were made during the 1990s to turn the educational situation around and to correct many of the problems endemic in Cameroon's basic education and higher education systems. In tandem with educational specialists, administrators, nongovernmental organizations, and international donors, the Government of Cameroon held several conferences and promoted new legislation and decrees to correct systemic problems, with a certain measure of success by the turn of the new millennium. Plans were drawn to better coordinate public and private educational offerings and to gather support from the private sector to improve secondary and tertiary education so as to make education more responsive to labor-market needs. Continuing improvements in the educational system seemed to depend most heavily on the decentralization of government authority and the devolution of power in the educational sector, as well as the coupling of private industry with public education to better prepare secondary and tertiary students for employment. By once again making access to primary schooling free of charge in the 2000-2001 fiscal year, the Government of the Republic of Cameroon signified its intentions to support basic education and to help all Cameroonian children enter a future where their social and economic well being could be better assured.
Amin, Martin E. Trends in the Demand for Primary Education in Cameroon. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, Inc. 1999.
British Council. "Cameroon." 2000. Available from http://www.britishcouncil.org/.
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices—2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State, February 2001. Available from http://www.state.gov/.
International Association of Universities/UNESCO International Centre on Higher Education. World Higher Education Database 2000. Available from http://www.unesco.org/.
Kom, Ambroise. Éducation et démocratie en Afrique: Le temps des illusions (Education and Democracy in Africa: Time of Illusions). Yaoundé: CRAC and Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan, 1996. Ministry of Higher Education, Government of the Republic of Cameroon. "Loi No. 005 du 16 Avril 2001 Portant Orientation de l'Enseignement Superieur" ("Law No. 005 of 16 April 2001 Regarding Direction of Higher Education"), 16 April 2001. Available from http://www.minesup.gov.cm/.
——. "Page du Ministre" ("Minister's Page" ); "Le Ministère" ("The Ministry" ), February 2001. Available from http://www.minesup.gov.cm/.
Musonge, Peter Mafany. Official Web Site of PM's Office (including news, speeches, and information about the Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cameroon). Available from http://www.spm.gov.cm/.
——. "Opening of the National Forum on Technical and Vocational Secondary Education in Cameroon from 7 to 9 April 1999." Available at http://www.spm.gov.cm/.
——. "Programme économique, financier, social et culturel du Gouvernement pour l'exercice 2001-2002, Présenté à l'Assemblée Nationale par le Premier Ministre, Chef du Gouvernement" (Government's Economic, Financial, Social and Cultural Program for fiscal 2001-2002, Presented at the National Assembly by the Prime Minister, Head of the Government" ). 15 June 2001. Available from http://www.spm.gov.cm/.
——"Government's Economic, Financial, Social and Cultural Programme for fiscal 2000-2001, Presented at the National Assembly by the Prime Minister, Head of the Government." 14 June 2000. Available from http://www.spm.gov.cm/.
——. "Government's Economic, Financial, Social and Cultural Programme for fiscal 1999-2000, Presented at the National Assembly by the Prime Minister, Head of the Government." 1999. Available from http://www.spm.gov.cm/.
Sikounno, Hilaire. Jeunesse et Éducation en Afrique Noire ("Youth and Education in Black Africa" ). Preface by Pierre Erny. Paris: É;ditions L'Harmattan, 1995.
Task Force on Higher Education and Society, The. Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2000.
U.S. Department of State. "Cameroon—Consular Information Sheet." 6 June 2001. Available from http://www.travel.state.gov.
World Bank. "Cameroon—Basic Education Improvement Project." Report No. PID5206. 1 August 1997. Available from http://www-wds.worldbank.org/.
——. "Cameroon—Higher Education Technical Training Project" (Abstract and Profile). 4 June 1998. Available from http://www-wds.worldbank.org/.
World Bank Group. "Cameroon." 1999. Available from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/.
——. "Cameroon at a Glance." August 2000. Available from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/.
——. "Cameroon Data Profile." Source: World Development Indicators database, July 2000. Available from http://devdata.worldbank.org/.
——. "Country Brief: Cameroon." 1999 Available from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/.
World Bank, Human Development Network. Education Sector Strategy. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 1999.
World Bank, Human Development Network II, Africa Region. "Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Credit in an Amount of US$ 4.8 Million Equivalent to the Republic of Cameroon for a Higher Education Technical Training Project." Report No. 17375-CM. 4 June 1998. Available from http://www-wds.worldbank.org/.
—Barbara Lakeberg Dridi
Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.comGlobal Education ReferenceCameroon - History Background, Constitutional Legal Foundations, Educational System—overview, Preprimary Primary Education, Secondary Education