Nonformal or out-of-school education is a substitute program designed to eradicate illiteracy in letters and numerals and the Indonesian language. Programming also provides individuals with an opportunity to develop knowledge and skills required to work and generate an income; to enable individuals to proceed to a higher level within the formal educational system; and to fulfill needs of persons, families, and communities that cannot be met by the formal education system.
Out-of-school education provides an educational equivalent to primary and junior secondary schools and is offered outside the formal education system. Features distinguishing nonformal from formal education include flexibility of the former in relation to the time and period spent, the age of the learners, the content of the lessons, the way the lessons are organized, and the assessment of the outcome.
Courses are organized at the basic, middle, and advanced level. Groups studying "Packet A" are organized to obtain an educational level equivalent to the primary school level. Groups studying "Packet B" are organized to obtain the equivalent of the junior high school level of education.
Out-of-school education is provided by governmental and nongovernmental agencies, the private sector, and the community. Communities may provide all types of education with the exception of formal education.
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