Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.com » Education Encyclopedia: Classroom Management - Creating a Learning Environment to Association for Science Education (ASE)

College Extracurricular Activities - Impact on Students, Types of Extracurricular Activities

organizations university involvement development

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, many colleges and universities have a broad educational mission: to develop the "whole student." On college campuses, extracurricular involvement is a key tool in this personal development. For the majority of college and university students, involvement in extracurricular activities plays an integral role in the collegiate experience. Students become involved in extracurricular activities not only for entertainment, social, and enjoyment purposes, but most important, to gain and improve skills. A wide and diversified range of extracurricular activities exists on U.S. campuses, meeting a variety of student interests.

Impact on Students

The importance of extracurricular activities on college campuses is well established. The primary goals of extracurricular activities focus on the individual student level, the institutional level, and the broader community level. These activities exist to complement the university's academic curriculum and to augment the student's educational experience. According to a 1993 article by Alexander Astin, almost any type of student involvement in college positively affects student learning and development. Extracurricular activities provide a setting to become involved and to interact with other students, thus leading to increased learning and enhanced development. Specifically, a student's peer group is the most important source of influence on a student's academic and personal development. By identifying with a peer group, that group may influence a student's affective and cognitive development as well as his or her behavior.

As the development of the well-rounded individual is a principal goal of extracurricular activities on college and university campuses, the numerous experiences these activities afford positively impact students' emotional, intellectual, social, and inter-personal development. By working together with other individuals, students learn to negotiate, communicate, manage conflict, and lead others. Taking part in these out-of-the-classroom activities helps students to understand the importance of critical thinking skills, time management, and academic and intellectual competence. Involvement in activities helps students mature socially by providing a setting for student interaction, relationship formation, and discussion. Working outside of the classroom with diverse groups of individuals allows for students to gain more self-confidence, autonomy, and appreciation for others' differences and similarities.

Students also develop skills specific to their career path and imperative for future job success. Students have opportunities to improve their leadership and interpersonal skills while also increasing their self-confidence. Extracurricular involvement allows students to link academic knowledge with practical experience, thereby leading to a better understanding of their own abilities, talents, and career goals. Future employers seek individuals with these increased skill levels, making these involved students more viable in the job market. Specifically, participation in extracurricular activities and leadership roles in these activities are positively linked to attainment of one's first job and to managerial potential.

Student involvement in extracurricular activities also positively impacts educational attainment. Ernest T. Pascarella and Patrick T. Terenzini's 1991 research indicates that extracurricular involvement has a positive impact on attaining a bachelor's degree and on educational aspirations. Students who are actively engaged are more likely to have higher educational ambitions than uninvolved students.

Finally, extracurricular activities focus on institutional goals, such as building and sustaining community on campus as well as student retention. As campuses become more diverse, students desire an environment in which they feel connected to others and to the university. Extracurricular activities provide a place for students to come together, discuss pertinent ideas and issues, and accomplish common goals. Within this community, where students feel comfortable with one another, learning and development are enhanced and student retention is positively impacted. According to Vincent Tinto's 1987 research, students will be more likely to persist in college if they feel they have had rewarding encounters with a college's social and academic systems. Through extracurricular participation, students frequently interact with peers who have similar interests, providing social integration into the college environment. As a result, involved students view their college years as a positive experience and feel they are a vital part of the university, resulting in higher retention rates.

Types of Extracurricular Activities

Because of the diverse interests of college students, the range of extracurricular activity offerings varies extensively, depending upon the size and type of college or university. Extracurricular activities range from primarily social organizations to governance organizations to intercollegiate athletic programs. Each activity offers students an opportunity to work with others and to gain essential life skills. Though numerous extracurricular activities exist, the following activities are those that are most commonly found on college campuses.

Student Government. One of the most widespread types of extracurricular experience available on college campuses is student government. Students involved in governance organizations, such as student government and residence hall government, are typically elected by their peers to function as the "official voice" of students to university administration. These government participants often serve on campus-wide committees in an effort to represent the ideas and concerns of their fellow students. Student government functions include allocating funds to other organizations, planning programs related to student interests, providing forums for student issue discussion, and helping to build and sustain a successful campus community. Additional examples of campus governance organizations include honor councils, which seek to enforce a university's honor code, and judiciary boards, where students hear disciplinary cases and render verdicts.

Athletics. Almost every college and university in the United States offers some type of intercollegiate and intramural athletics. Student athletes may "try out" for intercollegiate sports teams such as volleyball, basketball, or lacrosse. Being a varsity athlete requires a great commitment of time and energy for practicing, conditioning, and competing. Intramural sports provide an opportunity for all nonvarsity student athletes to play a sport they enjoy, while competing against their peers. Typically, colleges and universities offer several intramural options including flag football, soccer, and tennis. Players at all skill levels are invited to participate, and often these activities may be quite competitive. For those students who particularly enjoy watching collegiate sports, many schools have student spirit organizations that allow students to attend sporting events, sit in a special student cheering section, and applaud the home team.

Academic and Professional Organizations. Academic major and professional organizations assist their members in acquiring experience in their chosen occupational field and in aiding in the job search. Students convene to discuss pertinent issues related to their field of interest and to learn jobrelated skills in an effort to be fully prepared for future success. Such professional organizations typically focus on one career area of interest. Examples of professional organizations include the American Marketing Association, Student Education Association, and the Mathematics Society.

Volunteer and Service-Related Activities. Volunteer and service-related activities exist to help improve the local and worldwide community, an important goal of extracurricular activities. In the Alternative Spring Break program, students engage in community service projects, such as rebuilding homes, planting trees, or tutoring students during their college spring break. Additional service projects and organizations function throughout the year, including Alpha Phi Omega, Habitat for Humanity, and Circle K, which promote service and volunteerism during the college years. Service-learning programs offer students an opportunity to contribute to their community and, most important, to critically reflect upon their service experiences.

Multicultural Activities. Multicultural activities focus on increasing awareness and understanding of various cultures and ethnic and racial backgrounds. Many schools sponsor festivals, concerts, lectures, and discussions that promote multicultural awareness on campus in which students may participate. In addition, involvement in these activities may be an important step toward positive racial, ethnic, or sexual-identity development. Examples of multicultural organizations include Black Student Union, Lambda (a gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender student organization), Muslim Student Association, and Russian Club.

The Arts. Students interested in fine arts have a plethora of extracurricular opportunities in which they can actively participate. Activities including plays, musicals, and dance concerts offer a chance for students to demonstrate their dramatic abilities. Marching band, jazz band, orchestra, and singing groups allow students to pursue their musical interests at the college level. Pottery, sculpture, and mosaic classes and workshops are also offered for students to learn and enjoy.

Other Activities. In addition to the specific extracurricular activities previously mentioned, other activities exist on many college campuses. Honorary organizations recognize student scholars, often in a certain academic discipline, who maintain a specific grade point average. Religious organizations offer students an opportunity to gather in fellowship with students of similar religious backgrounds. Media organizations on campus consist of print, television, and radio venues, and these activities may include writing or taking pictures for the school newspaper, serving on the yearbook staff, or working as a disc jockey for the campus radio station. Individuals interested in politics may join the College Republicans or College Democrats. Students who enjoy planning campus-wide events may participate in the Homecoming or Parents' Weekend committees. Greek organizations (fraternities and sororities) offer many social opportunities while also promoting service and leadership.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ASTIN, ALEXANDER W. 1977. Four Critical Years. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

ASTIN, ALEXANDER W. 1993. "What Matters in College." Liberal Education 79 (4):4–15.

CHICKERING, ARTHUR, and REISSER, LINDA. 1993. Education and Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

KUH, GEORGE D. 1995. "The Other Curriculum: Out-of-Class Experiences Associated with Student Learning and Personal Development." Journal of Higher Education 66:123–155.

MOORE, JODY; LOVELL, CHERYL D.; MCGANN, TAMMY; and WYRICK, JASON. 1998. "Why Involvement Matters: A Review of Research on Student Involvement in the Collegiate Setting." College Student Affairs Journal 17 (2):4–17.

PASCARELLA, ERNEST T., and TERENZINI, PATRICK T. 1991. How College Affects Students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

TINTO, VINCENT. 1987. Leaving College. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

WHIPPLE, EDWARD G. 1996. "Student Activities." In Student Affairs Practice in Higher Education, 2nd edition, ed. Audry L. Rentz and Associates. Springfield, IL: Thomas.

AMY M. TENHOUSE

College Financial Aid - Need-Based Aid, Federal Aid, State Aid, Institutional Aid, Financial Aid and Affordability [next] [back] the College Entrance Examination Board - Members and Governance, Programs and Services, Newer Ventures and Future Outlook

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 8 years ago

i think this is very good but you left out the key elements like how much stress it causes kidds.

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Lots of helpful information. Thank you. Great for any research paper.

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

I think the things you covered through the post are quite impressive, good job and great efforts. I found it very interesting and enjoyed reading all of it.

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Dear Mr./Ms
First of all, I would like to say thank you for bringing me into this world. I am writing to extend my thanks and gratitude for your supporting in helping reach my dream. The biggest thing to understand is that sponsorship is a job so please try your best to sponsor me so as to get profit both us. You work for your sponsor and I will reimburse [pay] you in whatever compensation arrangements I will establish. I appreciate your time and look forward to working & delegate with you in the country/club.
I want to become one of your club agents to find athletes for the United States of America/London/Europe and I hope that you’re able to find a sponsor that fits my goals and dreams. I am deeply interested in sporting and I’m indebted to you for your assistance & guidance. I was wondering if you would be interested in getting the manger or person or company that is willing to sponsor me.
Working as a volunteer in my community throughout my high school career, I enjoyed helping young athletes who were need training available to them. I hope to be able to serve in an athletics & education position begin my arrival up until in the future, where I might have more ability to help those less fortunate and under-represented.
I’m wishing to pursue athletics carrier in half marathon and cross country and road race abroad i.e. USA. /UK/Europa please provide me with more information on possible sponsor for such endeavor. I have my personal best record and reliable time & you’ll rejoice in my success one day. I’m faithful you’re providing some special offers to me ,and who is Volunteer groups may be eligible for a club or charitable donation to help me. I know that you are giving me the best things that you can give and I really appreciate it with my whole life.
I believe you basically support and assist in education & or athletics to all genus of people equally. I hope you “must have” to complete my process to becoming a contestant- athlete [contender] in the USA and goes hand-in-hand with your athletes forever.
I will include my resume/CV all the things a manager and/or coach or company or person wants to know about me.

Thanks so much for your support and assistance will be able to consider me for prop up as your athletes’ equality. I look forward to continuing to strive towards my sporting goals& the upcoming my awesome sport life.
Abraham, athlete, Ethiopia






Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Thank you for give very nice info What a cool site.
Essay Writing

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

If you are the one who says I ain't got time to live my hobbies and passion then it's gonna cost you a lot someday.

Before Reading this article Remember your all hobbies that used to fetch shine on your face, gratify you and thrill you. http://sqeets.com/articles/why-hobbies-are-important-for-college-goers-and-school-goers/

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Nice, accurate and to the point.Very significant article for us ,I think the representation of this article is actually superb one. This is my first visit to your site and I want to take this moment to say that I really love this blog. It has been a good resource of information for me in my research. Thank you so much admin.
Writing Services | Speech Writing Service | Coursework Writing Service | CV Writing Service UK | Personal Statement Writing Service

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

Please provide me the center for vacational course from 31.10.-15.11.2011 for daughter aged 18 years, near by Mumbai. Pl call on 9821284116
thanks and regards
SHAILESH G
15.10.2011

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

love it.its ok coz i cn use it as a parallel study 2 my thesis.thanx

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

extracurricular activities in college are pivotal. This can improve your experience in college especially if you like sports. I just watched a video on this educational website about extracurricular activities. Check it out: http://www.parentsandcolleges.com/blog/bid/152836/Video-Extracurricular-Activities-in-College

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

I value your thinking also it seemed to be pleasurable to me to read your content.Here' desire to talk about my personal thoughts regarding the IT certifications in addition to their relevance within employement market along with The IT industry.You will find just about certification examinations right here which will help an individual in direction of career growth.


640-822

[url=http://www.selftestengine.com/1z0-862.html]1z0-862[/url]

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

The book “Voluntary Student Clubs” provides an in-depth analysis of the impact of student organizations on ten key areas of student life and development including academic performance, social development, and alumni giving.

http://www.abidanbooks.com/voluntary-student-clubs



Vote down Vote up

almost 8 years ago

i think the paper was ok,but i want to play softball and it doesnt mention that



Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

These types of information can be published and translated into many languages to allow distribution of information around the world.
Speech Writing Service

Vote down Vote up

about 3 years ago

you have test for extra co-curricular activities and social development?

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

I was studying some of your content on this internet site and I believe this site is rattling informative ! Continue posting .

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

HI I LIKED THE POST.student travel

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

www.iamstudent.co.uk

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

hi i came here the post is very informative thank you to share me.student discount

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

pengobatan diabetes melitus dengan cara alami dan berkashiat untuk diet sehat ibu hamil gula darah
http://obatdiabetesku.web.id/
update mesin portable ac dan juga mesin bubut paling baru di kota terdekat dengan wilayah indonesia
http://hargamesinportable.blogspot.com/
agen bola terpercaya memberikan akun gratis bagi anda yang mau main sportsbook sbobet ibcbet dan togel dengan deposit murah hanya di bandar bola online terbaik
http://www.jagobetting.com/
lemari es tidak akan menjadi kotor kalau anda membersihkannya, maka dari itu beli sekarang juga lemari es LG disini
http://lemaries.tulisan.web.id/
pengetahuan dan kesehatan adalah hal paling berharga yang dimiliki manusia di dunia, anda bisa belajar kuliah dengan menemukan makalah kami disini untuk akuntansi
http://kerozzi.blogspot.com
teknologi dan pengetahuan umum adalah fokus kami dalam memberikan informasi terkini, dengan kemasan baru web informatif, maka sangat disarankan untuk bookmark saja halaman berikut
http://laviozaz.blogspot.com
http://katokpe.blogspot.com
toko online jam tangan murah keren dan trendi untuk cewek cowok couple serta membuka peluang reseller bagi anda yang mau jualan jam
http://jamtanganziendi.blogspot.com/
mesin fotocopy bisa menggandakan dokumen dengan cepat jika anda membeli baru mesin terbaru dari kami, sewa pula di rental terpercaya dengan tawaran harga sewa paling murah dan hemat
http://mesincopybaru.blogspot.com
cara baru dalam menggunakan aplikasi google play sampai dengan facebook disajikan di blog kami ini
\

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Goodbye in attendance, I exposed your website by the manipulate of Google although looking representing a correlated issue, your situate got here positive, it seems clear. I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks. http://sahabatpoker.com/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

This is really helpful for us!!!!!!!!

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

please am interested reading materials on co-curricular and extra curricular and their role towards the development of talents in primary schools and secondary schools. Hopefully you will assist getting online journals and books

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

It is really impressive and academic; provides source material. I like it very much

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

It is really impressive and academic; provides source material. I like it very much

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

it's really very useful topic.... i am well satisfied in this and i asked my all friends 2 follow tis

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

it's really very useful topic.... i am well satisfied in this and i asked my all friends 2 follow tis

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

it's really very useful topic.... i am well satisfied in this and i asked my all friends 2 follow tis

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

it's really very useful topic.... i am well satisfied in this and i asked my all friends 2 follow tis

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

J.C
found this for u to read.
when ur not tired.
it's not long and most of it
u know anyway

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

eGo Tank e-Cigarette - In this product each cartomizer consists of an atomizer and cartridge combined in one unit. It is compatible with our current electronic cigarette products.

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

i like your awesome information after a long time.
custom essay writing

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

work project

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

work project

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

i think extra curriculum is shocking there is no point in it its a waste of time why would people do that stuff what a load of crap i'd rather be getting drunk, high or shagging a prossatute down the road

Vote down Vote up

8 months ago

derp

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

Packers and Movers in Hyderabad @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers in Bangalore @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/
Packers and Movers in Chennai @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
Packers and Movers in Pune @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
Packers and Movers in Mumbai @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
Packers and Movers in Delhi @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/
Packers and Movers in Gurgaon @
http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Gurgaon @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
Packers and Movers India @ http://list5th.in/

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Pune @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Chennai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
Packers and Movers Hyderabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers in Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Pune @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Chennai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
Packers and Movers Hyderabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers in Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago


pengobatan diabetes melitus dengan cara alami dan berkashiat untuk diet sehat ibu hamil gula darah
http://obatdiabetesku.web.id/
update mesin portable ac dan juga mesin bubut paling baru di kota terdekat dengan wilayah indonesia
http://hargamesinportable.blogspot.com/
agen bola terpercaya memberikan akun gratis bagi anda yang mau main sportsbook sbobet ibcbet dan togel dengan deposit murah hanya di bandar bola online terbaik
http://www.jagobetting.com/
lemari es tidak akan menjadi kotor kalau anda membersihkannya, maka dari itu beli sekarang juga lemari es LG disini
http://lemaries.tulisan.web.id/
pengetahuan dan kesehatan adalah hal paling berharga yang dimiliki manusia di dunia, anda bisa belajar kuliah dengan menemukan makalah kami disini untuk akuntansi
http://kerozzi.blogspot.com
teknologi dan pengetahuan umum adalah fokus kami dalam memberikan informasi terkini, dengan kemasan baru web informatif, maka sangat disarankan untuk bookmark saja halaman berikut
http://laviozaz.blogspot.com
http://katokpe.blogspot.com
toko online jam tangan murah keren dan trendi untuk cewek cowok couple serta membuka peluang reseller bagi anda yang mau jualan jam
http://jamtanganziendi.blogspot.com/
mesin fotocopy bisa menggandakan dokumen dengan cepat jika anda membeli baru mesin terbaru dari kami, sewa pula di rental terpercaya dengan tawaran harga sewa paling murah dan hemat
http://mesincopybaru.blogspot.com
cara baru dalam menggunakan aplikasi google play sampai dengan facebook disajikan di blog kami ini

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

i like this tittle