Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.com » Education Encyclopedia: Classroom Management - Creating a Learning Environment to Association for Science Education (ASE)

Coalition of Essential Schools

students ideas sizer teachers

The Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) is a grass-roots network of approximately 1,000 schools and twenty regional centers around the country that seek to enact a set of ideas put forth by the American educator Theodore R. Sizer in Horace's Compromise (1984). Sizer found that, despite their differences in location and demography, American high schools, by and large, were remarkably similar and, quite simply, inadequate. He concluded that the typical American high school–with a huge array of unrelated courses taught in short, fragmented periods by teachers who face 150 students a day–promoted apathy and intellectual lethargy, and that the lesson such schools succeeded in teaching best, perhaps, was that school is deadly dull and has little to do with becoming a productive citizen or an educated human being.

Sizer considered how schools might be more wisely designed. Given the dismal historical record of major "top-down" reform initiatives over the previous fifty years, Sizer chose to approach reform not with a new and improved model to be imposed, but rather with a set of ideas that a school could employ in ways that suited its community. These ideas, referred to as the coalition's Common Principles, fall into four key program areas: school design, classroom practice, leadership, and community connections. In the area of school design, CES schools strive to structure schedules and staffing arrangements so that teacher–student ratios are low, teachers have significant time to collaborate, and all students participate in a rigorous intellectual program. In their classrooms, coalition teachers seek to emphasize depth of understanding rather than mere coverage of material, and they see their role more as a facilitator or coach than a deliverer of information. Coalition schools work to create democratic leadership structures, enlisting the active engagement of community members both in the governance of the school and in the education of students.

To aid K–12 schools seeking to adopt these ideas, CES has a two-tiered system of services. The regional centers support schools in the process of change by facilitating learning among schools in the region, providing carefully targeted opportunities for professional development, and offering technical assistance. Though CES regional centers vary in their particular program offerings, all are guided by the Common Principles and share similar strategies. Many CES centers, for example, set up one-to-one coaching relationships with the schools in their region; many sponsor meetings of teachers from different schools to serve as "critical friends" to one another; and many run an intensive summer institute for school faculty on whole school change, known as the "Trek."

The CES national office administers CES University, a series of professional development institutes offered around the country by and for educators from the CES network and beyond. The national office also organizes an annual Fall Forum, where thousands of teachers and administrators come together to learn and to share strategies and experiences. The CES national website serves as a repository of ideas and information and includes many active online discussion groups. Horace, the CES journal, seeks out important work and helps keep the network abreast of new findings in educational research. CES also conducts a program of research to track the results of CES schools and operates an advocacy program, to help inform educators and the public about the coalition's approach to schooling.

Several coalition schools have received national prominence. Perhaps best known is Central Park East Secondary School in East Harlem, New York, founded in 1985, and one of the charter members of the coalition. Many schools that joined the coalition more recently are showing equally impressive results, graduating and sending students to college at very high rates, and creating school communities with high levels of safety and trust.

The impact of the coalition's work can also be gauged by its effect on the school reform movement. Its ideas–creating small schools where students can be known well; graduating students on the basis of demanding, public exhibitions in which students present the results of their research to panels of community members; and insisting that curriculum must teach students how to learn rather than teaching disconnected facts–have become part of the language of school improvement. Such coalition phrases as "critical friends," "school coaches," "exhibitions of mastery," "less is more," and "teacher as coach" have become key components of many school reform efforts and state curriculum frameworks.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

MCDONALD, JOSEPH P. 1996. Redesigning School: Lessons for the Twenty-First Century. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

MEIER, DEBORAH. 1995. The Power of Their Ideas: Lessons for America from a Small School in Harlem. Boston: Beacon Press.

SIZER, THEODORE. 1984. Horace's Compromise: The Dilemma of the American High School. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

KATHERINE G. SIMON

HUDI PODOLSKY

Coalition of Essential Schools' Common Principles [next] [back] Clubs - Club Participation, Why Participation is Expected to Benefit Youth, Benefits of Participation in Clubs

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Thanks for this share. I ghave put it on my site too :)

Play games at Didi Games

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

almost 3 years ago

Caravan is more on the high-end side, but its main asset remains the delicious food. It has a great ambience and is located right in the heart of Coorg, but none of this excites the customers more than the excellent food of this restaurant. multitourist.com

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information. hair extensions alpharetta

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

This one helped me for a thesis which I am writing. Thank you for giving me another point of view on this difficult situation. Now I can easily complete my article.

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

This one helped me for a thesis which I am writing. Thank you for giving me another point of view on this difficult situation. Now I can easily complete my article.

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You may post on the customer service for the blog. You could advertise it's tremendous. Your blog advice might expand your readers.

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You may comment on the audio of the blog. You could render it's fail proof. Your blog remarks can springboard your circulatio

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You can post on the articles for the blog. You might sound out it's essential. Your blog particulars can increase your treasure.

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You can write about the tips on the blog. You might relinquish it's fascinating. Your blog recommendations may thicken your commissions.

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You might comment on the rareness of the blog. You should divulge it's premium. Your blog dealings can enlarge your spenders

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You should write about the directions on the blog. You can demonstrate it's revolutionary. Your blog commentary can broaden your income |
Factor Quema Grasa Libro Pdf

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You could post on the friendless of the blog owner. You may illustrate it's mesmerizing. Your blog feedback may add to your contact | Factor Quema Grasa Gratis

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You should comment on the competition comparison of the blog. You can highlight it's mind boggling. Your blog exploration/tour will broaden your conversion

Factor Quema Grasa Gratis
http://empiregroup2013.com/factor-quema-grasa-libro-gratis-descargar-pdf-opinion/
Factor Quema Grasa Gratis

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You might write about the tutorials on the blog. You should show it's excellent. Your blog sentiments should accelerate your sponso |
Factor Quema Grasa Pdf

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You may write about the special offers on the blog. You could speak it's electrifying. Your blog studies might expand your payments|Factor Quema Grasa

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

You could post on the links for the blog. You may day it's first-rate. Your blog raves will boost your income stream
http://empiregroup2013.com/nasal-polyps-treatment-miracle/

Vote down Vote up

over 4 years ago

Coalition of Essential Schools