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Appendix 1: Educational Statistics

country level rep countries

Public Expenditures on Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 125

Period: 1997


Average Public Expenditure on Education as Percent of GNP by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 4.36%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 3.76%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 5.69%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 4.39%

North & Central America . . . . 4.65%

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 6.35%

South America . . . . . . . 4.01%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 3.08%



Public expenditures on education are presented here as their percentage of the nation's Gross National Product (GNP). This is a good gauge of a country's commitment to education. However, here as in other country comparison tables, there are differences that limit the usefulness of directly comparing public expenditures on education as a percent of GNP.

For countries with well established federal or centralized education systems, the expenses necessary to maintain the system in any particular year may be lower as a percentage of GNP than are the expenses experienced by a nation that has more recently established or enlarged its centralized and compulsory education system. In addition, many countries use tax incentives to encourage private funds to supplement their education systems. These incentives are not always included as a part of the GNP percentage earmarked for education. Nonetheless, this measure is frequently used to do overall comparisons of national education systems.

Countries are listed in descending order by public expenditure on education as percent of GNP.

Source: The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 70-72.

Country Rank %
Source: The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 70-72.
TOP 10    
Moldova 1 10.6
Namibia 2 9.1
Botswana 3 8.6
Lesotho 4 8.4
Sweden 5 8.3
Denmark 6 8.1
South Africa 7 7.9
Tunisia 8 7.7
Uzbekistan 8 7.7
Israel 9 7.6
UPPER MIDDLE    
Finland 10 7.5
Poland 10 7.5
Saudi Arabia 10 7.5
Jamaica 11 7.4
Norway 11 7.4
New Zealand 12 7.3
Ukraine 12 7.3
Estonia 13 7.2
Zimbabwe 14 7.1
Yemen 15 7.0
Canada 16 6.9
Jordan 17 6.8
Cuba 18 6.7
Kenya 19 6.5
Latvia 20 6.3
Congo 21 6.1
France 22 6.0
Ireland 22 6.0
Belarus 23 5.9
Portugal 24 5.8
Slovenia 25 5.7
Swaziland 25 5.7
Australia 26 5.4
Austria 26 5.4
Costa Rica 26 5.4
Lithuania 26 5.4
Malawi 26 5.4
Switzerland 26 5.4
United States 26 5.4
Croatia 27 5.3
Kyrgyzstan 27 5.3
United Kingdom 27 5.3
Georgia 28 5.2
Venezuela 28 5.2
Algeria 29 5.1
Brazil 29 5.1
Czech Rep. 29 5.1
Macedonia 29 5.1
Netherlands 29 5.1
Panama 29 5.1
Côte d'Ivoire 30 5.0
Kuwait 30 5.0
Morocco 30 5.0
Slovakia 30 5.0
Spain 30 5.0
Bolivia 31 4.9
Italy 31 4.9
Malaysia 31 4.9
Mexico 31 4.9
Egypt 32 4.8
Germany 32 4.8
Thailand 32 4.8
LOWER MIDDLE    
Hungary 33 4.6
Oman 34 4.5
Togo 34 4.5
Kazakhstan 35 4.4
Turkmenistan 36 4.3
Ghana 37 4.2
Colombia 38 4.1
Ethiopia 39 4.0
Iran 39 4.0
Paraguay 39 4.0
Nicaragua 40 3.9
Korea (Rep. ) 41 3.7
Senegal 41 3.7
Chile 42 3.6
Honduras 42 3.6
Japan 42 3.6
Romania 42 3.6
Trinidad & Tobago 42 3.6
Argentina 43 3.5
Ecuador 43 3.5
Russian Federation 43 3.5
Philippines 44 3.4
Sri Lanka 44 3.4
Tanzania 44 3.4
Uruguay 45 3.3
Benin 46 3.2
Bulgaria 46 3.2
India 46 3.2
Nepal 46 3.2
Albania 47 3.1
Belgium 47 3.1
Greece 47 3.1
Syrian Arab Rep. 47 3.1
Azerbaijan 48 3.0
Singapore 48 3.0
Vietnam 48 3.0
Cambodia 49 2.9
Hong Kong 49 2.9
Peru 49 2.9
Pakistan 50 2.7
Uganda 51 2.6
El Salvador 52 2.5
Lebanon 52 2.5
China 53 2.3
Dominican Rep. 53 2.3
Niger 53 2.3
Bangladesh 54 2.2
Mali 54 2.2
Tajikistan 54 2.2
Turkey 54 2.2
Zambia 54 2.2
Armenia 55 2.0
Guinea 56 1.9
BOTTOM 10    
Madagascar 56 1.9
Eritrea 57 1.8
United Arab Emirates 57 1.8
Chad 58 1.7
Guatemala 58 1.7
Burkina Faso 59 1.5
Indonesia 60 1.4
Myanmar 61 1.2
Sudan 62 0.9
Nigeria 63 0.7

Male Literacy Rate

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 137

Period: Most recent year for which data are available within the range 1995-99


Average Male Literacy Rates by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 64.5%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 83.5%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 97.3%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 94.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 85.8%

North & Central America . . . . 81.5%

South America . . . . . . . 93.8%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 85.8%



Literacy is defined here as the percentage of males, aged 15 years and older, who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. However, literacy is difficult to measure and some countries define literacy differently. As a result, one must view comparisons of literacy rates across countries with caution. Differences in the definition of literacy used to compile these figures along with differences in the methods used, and accuracy achieved, in collecting data must all be considered when using the figures presented here.

Countries are listed in descending order of their male literacy rate and in alphabetical order. They are ranked accordingly. Any country with a male literacy rate of 100% is ranked 1, while any country with a male literacy rate of 99% is ranked 2, and so forth. Worth noting is the fact that many industrialized countries do not report literacy rates.

Source: UNICEF, The State of The World's Children 2001, pp. 90-93 and The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 82-84.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNICEF, The State of The World's Children 2001, pp. 90-93 and The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 82-84.
TOP 10    
Belarus 1 100
Georgia 1 100
Korea (Democratic) 1 100
Latvia 1 100
Lithuania 1 100
Poland 1 100
Russian Federation 1 100
Slovenia 1 100
Ukraine 1 100
Armenia 2 99
UPPER MIDDLE    
Azerbaijan 2 99
Bulgaria 2 99
Croatia 2 99
Guyana 2 99
Hungary 2 99
Italy 2 99
Kazakhstan 2 99
Korea (Rep. ) 2 99
Kyrgyzstan 2 99
Moldova 2 99
Montenegro 2 99
Romania 2 99
Serbia 2 99
Tajikistan 2 99
Turkmenistan 2 99
Barbados 3 98
Bosnia & Herzegovina 3 98
Cyprus 3 98
Estonia 3 98
Greece 3 98
Israel 3 98
Spain 3 98
Argentina 4 97
Thailand 4 97
Uruguay 4 97
Chile 5 96
Cuba 5 96
Hong Kong 5 96
Singapore 5 96
Costa Rica 6 95
Philippines 6 95
Trinidad & Tobago 6 95
Vietnam 6 95
Jordan 7 94
Paraguay 7 94
Peru 7 94
Portugal 7 94
Sri Lanka 7 94
Mexico 8 93
Puerto Rico 8 93
Turkey 8 93
Uzbekistan 8 93
Venezuela 8 93
Ecuador 9 92
Panama 9 92
Zimbabwe 9 92
Albania 10 91
Bolivia 10 91
China 10 91
Colombia 10 91
Indonesia 10 91
Lebanon 10 91
Malaysia 10 91
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 11 90
Malta 11 90
Myanmar 12 89
Kenya 13 88
Mauritius 14 87
LOWER MIDDLE    
Syrian Arab Rep. 14 87
Congo 15 86
South Africa 16 85
Brazil 17 84
Qatar 17 84
Zambia 17 84
Dominican Rep. 18 83
Kuwait 18 83
Saudi Arabia 18 83
Tanzania 18 83
Iran 19 82
Jamaica 19 82
Namibia 19 82
Switzerland 19 82
El Salvador 20 81
Swaziland 20 81
Cameroon 21 80
Tunisia 22 79
Ghana 23 78
Oman 23 78
Algeria 24 76
Uganda 24 76
Guatemala 25 75
Botswana 26 73
Honduras 26 73
Malawi 26 73
United Arab Emirates 26 73
Madagascar 27 72
Mongolia 27 72
Togo 27 72
Democratic Congo 28 71
Lesotho 28 71
Papua New Guinea 28 71
Rwanda 28 71
Nigeria 29 70
Sudan 30 68
India 31 67
Eritrea 32 66
Nicaragua 32 66
Yemen 32 66
Egypt 33 65
Iraq 34 64
Lao 35 62
Haiti 36 60
Morocco 36 60
Mozambique 37 58
Pakistan 37 58
Cambodia 38 57
Central African Rep. 38 57
Guinea-Bissau 38 57
Nepal 38 57
Angola 39 56
Burundi 40 55
Benin 41 54
Côte d'Ivoire 42 53
Mauritania 43 52
Bangladesh 44 51
Guinea 45 50
Chad 46 49
BOTTOM 10    
Afghanistan 47 46
Mali 47 46
Senegal 48 45
Sierra Leone 48 45
Ethiopia 49 42
Gambia 49 42
Liberia 50 36
Somalia 50 36
Burkina Faso 51 32
Niger 52 22

Female Literacy Rate

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 137

Period: Most recent year for which data are available within the range 1995-99


Average Female Literacy Rates by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 46.4%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 71.2%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 95.0%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 92.5%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 72.8%

North & Central America . . . . 78.8%

South America . . . . . . . 91.0%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 73.1%



Literacy is defined here as the percentage of females, aged 15 years and older, who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. However, literacy is difficult to measure and some countries define literacy differently. As a result, one must view comparisons of literacy rates across countries with caution. Differences in the definition of literacy used to compile these figures along with differences in the methods used, and accuracy achieved, in collecting data must all be considered when using the figures presented here.

Countries are listed in descending order of their female literacy rate and in alphabetical order. They are ranked accordingly. Any country with a female literacy rate of 100% is ranked 1, while any country with a female literacy rate of 99% is ranked 2, and so forth. Worth noting is the fact that many industrialized countries do not report literacy rates.

Source: UNICEF, The State of the World's Children 2001, pp. 90-93 and The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 82-84.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNICEF, The State of the World's Children 2001, pp. 90-93 and The WORLD BANK, World Development Indicators 2000, pp. 82-84.
TOP 10    
Georgia 1 100
Korea (Democratic) 1 100
Poland 1 100
Slovenia 1 100
Belarus 2 99
Hungary 2 99
Kazakhstan 2 99
Latvia 2 99
Lithuania 2 99
Russian Federation 2 99
UPPER MIDDLE    
Tajikistan 2 99
Ukraine 2 99
Bulgaria 3 98
Estonia 3 98
Italy 3 98
Moldova 3 98
Uruguay 3 98
Argentina 4 97
Armenia 4 97
Barbados 4 97
Croatia 4 97
Guyana 4 97
Montenegro 4 97
Romania 4 97
Serbia 4 97
Turkmenistan 4 97
Azerbaijan 5 96
Cuba 5 96
Korea (Rep. ) 5 96
Spain 5 96
Chile 6 95
Costa Rica 6 95
Greece 6 95
Kyrgyzstan 6 95
Philippines 6 95
Israel 7 94
Cyprus 8 93
Lesotho 8 93
Puerto Rico 8 93
Thailand 8 93
Trinidad & Tobago 9 92
Colombia 10 91
Malta 10 91
Panama 10 91
Paraguay 10 91
Venezuela 10 91
Vietnam 10 91
Jamaica 11 90
Bosnia & Herzegovina 12 89
Ecuador 12 89
Hong Kong 12 89
Mexico 12 89
Portugal 12 89
Singapore 13 88
Sri Lanka 13 88
Brazil 14 84
Peru 14 84
South Africa 14 84
Dominican Rep. 15 83
Jordan 15 83
Uzbekistan 15 83
Zimbabwe 15 83
Malaysia 16 82
Qatar 17 81
Indonesia 18 80
Mauritius 18 80
Namibia 18 80
Switzerland 18 80
LOWER MIDDLE    
Lebanon 19 79
Myanmar 19 79
Bolivia 20 78
Botswana 20 78
Kuwait 20 78
Swaziland 20 78
United Arab Emirates 21 77
Albania 22 76
China 23 75
El Salvador 23 75
Turkey 23 75
Honduras 24 73
Kenya 24 73
Congo 25 71
Nicaragua 26 69
Zambia 26 69
Cameroon 27 67
Iran 27 67
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 28 65
Saudi Arabia 29 64
Tanzania 29 64
Ghana 30 60
Guatemala 30 60
Madagascar 31 58
Syrian Arab Rep. 31 58
Tunisia 31 58
Oman 32 57
Rwanda 32 57
Papua New Guinea 33 55
Algeria 34 54
Uganda 34 54
Nigeria 35 52
Mongolia 36 51
Democratic Congo 37 47
Haiti 38 46
Malawi 39 44
India 40 43
Iraq 40 43
Sudan 40 43
Egypt 41 42
Eritrea 42 38
Togo 42 38
Burundi 43 37
Côte d'Ivoire 44 36
Morocco 45 34
Central African Rep. 46 32
Chad 47 31
Mali 47 31
Mauritania 47 31
Ethiopia 48 30
Lao 48 30
Angola 49 29
Bangladesh 49 29
Pakistan 49 29
Gambia 50 27
Mozambique 50 27
Senegal 51 26
Benin 52 23
Yemen 52 23
BOTTOM 10    
Guinea 53 22
Nepal 53 22
Cambodia 54 20
Liberia 55 18
Sierra Leone 55 18
Guinea-Bissau 56 17
Afghanistan 57 16
Somalia 58 14
Burkina Faso 59 13
Niger 60 7

Total Number of Primary Schools

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 178

Period: For the most recent year available within the range 1992-1998


Average Number of Primary Schools per Region


Africa. . . . . . . . . . 5,899

East & South Asia . . . . . . 75,956

Europe . . . . . . . . . 7,446

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 185

Middle East . . . . . . . 9,795

North & Central America. . . . 15,836

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 1,272

South America . . . . . . . 27,053

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 31,271



The number of primary schools in a country tends to reflect that country's population. In more developed countries primary schools may be very large while in the rural areas of a less developed country a primary school may be a single room school that serves as both a primary and secondary institution. No differentiation is provided here as to the size of the primary school. This ranking is therefore a quantitative and not a qualitative measure.

Countries are listed in descending order by total number of primary schools. Countries not listed are not listed because they did not report number of primary schools during the period covered.

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/85-II/109.

Country Rank  
Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/85-II/109.
TOP 10    
China 1 628,840
India 2 598,354
Brazil 3 196,479
Indonesia 4 173,893
Mexico 5 95,855
United States 6 72,000
Russian Federation 7 66,235
Iran 8 63,101
Colombia 9 48,933
Turkey 10 47,313
UPPER MIDDLE    
Bangladesh 11 45,914
France 12 41,000
Nigeria 13 38,649
Philippines 14 38,631
Myanmar 15 35,752
Thailand 16 34,001
Peru 17 33,017
Japan 18 24,376
United Kingdom 19 23,306
Argentina 20 22,437
Nepal 21 22,218
Ukraine 22 21,720
South Africa 23 20,863
Italy 24 20,361
Poland 25 20,214
Spain 26 18,561
Egypt 27 18,522
Germany 28 17,892
Ecuador 29 17,367
Kenya 30 15,906
Venezuela 31 15,800
Algeria 32 15,426
Democratic Congo 33 14,885
Madagascar 34 13,325
Canada 35 12,685
Portugal 36 12,472
Guatemala 37 12,409
Ghana 38 12,134
Saudi Arabia 39 11,506
Tanzania 40 11,290
Sudan 41 11,158
Yemen 42 11,013
Syrian Arab Rep. 43 10,783
Ethiopia 44 10,256
Vietnam 45 10,134
Uganda 46 10,000
Cuba 47 9,926
Sri Lanka 48 9,554
Uzbekistan 49 9,432
Chile 50 8,702
Kazakhstan 51 8,611
Cameroon 52 8,514
Iraq 53 8,145
Australia 54 8,123
Honduras 55 8,114
Lao 56 7,896
Côte d'Ivoire 57 7,599
Haiti 58 7,306
Netherlands 59 7,287
Nicaragua 60 7,224
Malaysia 61 7,021
Greece 62 6,651
Romania 63 6,188
Paraguay 64 5,928
Morocco 65 5,806
Korea (Rep. ) 66 5,721
Cambodia 67 5,026
El Salvador 68 5,025
Belarus 69 5,000
Czech Rep. 70 4,889
Zimbabwe 71 4,706
Belgium 72 4,493
Azerbaijan 73 4,454
Serbia 74 4,421
Tunisia 75 4,417
Mozambique 76 4,167
Senegal 77 3,884
Zambia 78 3,883
Finland 79 3,766
Guinea 80 3,723
Costa Rica 81 3,711
Malawi 82 3,706
Austria 83 3,703
Hungary 84 3,596
Tajikistan 85 3,423
Ireland 86 3,391
Togo 87 3,283
Burkina Faso 88 3,233
LOWER MIDDLE    
Georgia 89 3,201
Niger 90 3,175
Bulgaria 91 3,170
Benin 92 3,072
Panama 93 2,849
Papua New Guinea 94 2,790
Chad 95 2,660
Jordan 96 2,623
Mali 97 2,511
Slovakia 98 2,493
Uruguay 99 2,415
Mauritania 100 2,392
New Zealand 101 2,296
Denmark 102 2,210
Lebanon 103 2,160
Norway 104 2,129
Turkmenistan 105 1,947
Kyrgyzstan 106 1,885
Sierra Leone 107 1,795
Albania 108 1,782
Afghanistan 109 1,753
Rwanda 110 1,710
Congo 111 1,612
Israel 112 1,533
Burundi 113 1,501
Armenia 114 1,402
Lesotho 115 1,249
Somalia 116 1,224
Gabon 117 1,147
Gaza Strip & West Bank 118 1,118
Croatia 119 1,094
Macedonia 120 1,086
Latvia 121 1,074
St. Vincent... 122 965
Hong Kong 123 860
Slovenia 124 824
Equatorial Guinea 125 781
Estonia 126 727
Fiji 127 693
Botswana 128 681
Mongolia 129 650
Eritrea 130 549
Swaziland 131 529
Solomon Islands 132 521
Trinidad & Tobago 133 476
Guyana 134 420
Oman 135 411
Cyprus 136 376
Réunion 137 343
Comoros 138 327
Kuwait 139 286
Mauritius 140 283
Belize 141 277
Vanuatu 142 272
Gambia 143 258
Bhutan 144 235
Maldives 145 228
Guadeloupe 146 219
Singapore 147 198
Iceland 148 193
Martinique 149 187
Qatar 150 174
French Polynesia 151 170
Brunei Darussalam 152 160
Samoa 153 155
Bahrain 154 124
Tonga 155 115
Bahamas 156 113
Barbados 157 106
Saint Lucia 158 89
Kiribati 159 86
Netherlands Antilles 159 86
French Guiana 160 78
Djibouti 161 72
Dominica 162 64
Virgin Islands (US) 163 62
Saint Kitts & Nevis 164 32
American Samoa 165 30
Bermuda 166 26
Seychelles 166 26
BOTTOM 10    
Turks & Caicos Islands 167 21
Virgin Islands (British) 168 20
San Marino 169 14
Gibraltar 170 11
Montserrat 170 11
Tuvalu 170 11
Saint Helena 171 8
Anguilla 172 7
Monaco 172 7
Falkland Islands 173 4

Enrollment Rate in Primary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 147

Period: 1996


Average Gross Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 84.5%

East &

South Asia . . . . . . 95.9%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 100%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 99.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 92.1%

North & Central America . . . 103.5%

South America . . . . . . 110.9%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 107.3%



Gross enrollment in primary level education is defined as the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary schooling. The resulting ratio is presented as a percentage. Because the number of students enrolled may exceed the number of students who fall into the official age group to attend primary school, the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Primary level education varies from country to country. The duration may be as short as four years or as long as eight years. The age at which students enter primary education may be anywhere from 4 to 7 years. As a result, the following ranking is only a general assessment of participation in the primary education systems and is not a direct comparison of like systems.

Countries are listed in descending order of their primary level gross enrollment rates. They are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 148% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 134% is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 104-143.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 104-143.
TOP 10    
Cape Verde 1 148
Malawi 2 134
South Africa 3 133
Namibia 4 131
Portugal 5 128
Ecuador 6 127
Brazil 7 125
China 8 123
Peru 8 123
Belize 9 121
UPPER MIDDLE    
Myanmar 9 121
Togo 10 120
Tunisia 11 118
Swaziland 12 117
United Kingdom 13 116
Brunei Darussalam 14 115
Congo 15 114
Mexico 15 114
Philippines 15 114
Argentina 16 113
Colombia 16 113
Indonesia 16 113
Nepal 16 113
Vietnam 16 113
Zimbabwe 16 113
Honduras 17 111
Lebanon 17 111
Paraguay 17 111
Cambodia 18 110
Spain 19 109
Sri Lanka 19 109
Uruguay 19 109
Botswana 20 108
Lesotho 20 108
Netherlands 20 108
Albania 21 107
Algeria 21 107
Malta 21 107
Russian Federation 21 107
Turkey 21 107
Azerbaijan 22 106
Bahrain 22 106
Cuba 22 106
Mauritius 22 106
France 23 105
Lao 23 105
Panama 23 105
Costa Rica 24 104
Czech Rep. 24 104
Germany 24 104
Ireland 24 104
Kyrgyzstan 24 104
Belgium 25 103
Hungary 25 103
Romania 25 103
Canada 26 102
Nicaragua 26 102
Slovakia 26 102
United States 26 102
Australia 27 101
Chile 27 101
Denmark 27 101
Egypt 27 101
Italy 27 101
Japan 27 101
Malaysia 27 101
Syrian Arab Rep. 27 101
Austria 28 100
Cyprus 28 100
India 28 100
Jamaica 28 100
Norway 28 100
Samoa 28 100
LOWER MIDDLE    
Sweden 28 100
Bulgaria 29 99
Finland 29 99
Luxembourg 29 99
Macedonia 29 99
New Zealand 29 99
Trinidad & Tobago 29 99
Belarus 30 98
Iceland 30 98
Iran 30 98
Israel 30 98
Kazakhstan 30 98
Lithuania 30 98
Nigeria 30 98
Slovenia 30 98
El Salvador 31 97
Moldova 31 97
Mongolia 31 97
Solomon Islands 31 97
Guyana 32 96
Latvia 32 96
Poland 32 96
Tajikistan 33 95
Dominican Rep. 34 94
Estonia 34 94
Hong Kong 34 94
Korea (Rep. ) 34 94
Singapore 34 94
Greece 35 93
Madagascar 36 92
Venezuela 37 91
United Arab Emirates 38 89
Zambia 38 89
Cameroon 39 88
Georgia 39 88
Guatemala 39 88
Armenia 40 87
Croatia 40 87
Thailand 40 87
Morocco 41 86
Qatar 41 86
Iraq 42 85
Kenya 42 85
Papua New Guinea 43 80
Ghana 44 79
Mauritania 44 79
Benin 45 78
Uzbekistan 45 78
Gambia 46 77
Kuwait 46 77
Oman 47 76
Saudi Arabia 47 76
Comoros 48 75
Uganda 49 74
Burundi 50 73
Democratic Congo 51 72
Montenegro 51 72
Serbia 51 72
Côte d'Ivoire 52 71
Senegal 52 71
Yemen 53 70
Tanzania 54 66
Guinea-Bissau 55 62
Mozambique 56 60
BOTTOM 10    
Chad 57 57
Guinea 58 54
Eritrea 59 53
Sudan 60 51
Afghanistan 61 49
Mali 61 49
Ethiopia 62 43
Burkina Faso 63 40
Djibouti 64 39
Niger 65 29

Female Enrollment Rate in Primary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 137

Period: 1996


Average Gross Female Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 77.5%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 92.1%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 101.3%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . 98.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . 87.9%

North & Central America . . . 102.2%

Oceania . . . . . . . . 92.6%

South America . . . . . . 107.9%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 104.1%



Gross female enrollment in primary level education is defined as the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, divided by the female population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary schooling. The resulting ratio is presented as a percentage. Because the number of female students enrolled may exceed the population of females in the official age group the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Primary level education varies from country to country. The duration may be as short as four years or as long as eight years. The age at which students enter primary education may be anywhere from 4 to 7 years. As a result, the following ranking is only a general assessment of female participation in the primary education systems and is not a direct comparison of like systems.

Countries are listed in descending order of their primary level gross female enrollment rates and are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 147% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 132% is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 140-143.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 140-143.
TOP 10    
Cape Verde 1 147
Namibia 2 132
South Africa 3 131
Malawi 4 127
Portugal 5 124
China 6 123
Peru 7 121
Belize 8 119
Ecuador 8 119
United Kingdom 9 116
UPPER MIDDLE    
Lesotho 10 114
Swaziland 10 114
Tunisia 10 114
Argentina 11 113
Mexico 11 113
Philippines 11 113
Colombia 12 112
Honduras 12 112
Vietnam 13 111
Zimbabwe 13 111
Indonesia 14 110
Congo 15 109
Paraguay 15 109
Albania 16 108
Botswana 16 108
Lebanon 16 108
Spain 16 108
Sri Lanka 16 108
Uruguay 16 108
Malta 17 107
Netherlands 17 107
Russian Federation 17 107
Sweden 17 107
Bahrain 18 106
Mauritius 18 106
Azerbaijan 19 105
Brunei Darussalam 20 104
Cuba 20 104
France 20 104
Germany 20 104
Ireland 20 104
Turkey 20 104
Costa Rica 21 103
Czech Rep. 21 103
Kyrgyzstan 21 103
Nicaragua 21 103
Romania 21 103
Algeria 22 102
Belgium 22 102
Hungary 22 102
Slovakia 22 102
Australia 23 101
Canada 23 101
Denmark 23 101
Japan 23 101
Lao 23 101
Malaysia 23 101
United States 23 101
Austria 24 100
Cambodia 24 100
Chile 24 100
Cyprus 24 100
Italy 24 100
Norway 24 100
Samoa 24 100
Finland 25 99
Jamaica 25 99
New Zealand 25 99
LOWER MIDDLE    
Togo 25 99
Bulgaria 26 98
Iceland 26 98
Kazakhstan 26 98
Macedonia 26 98
Slovenia 26 98
Trinidad & Tobago 26 98
Moldova 27 97
Belarus 28 96
El Salvador 28 96
Guyana 28 96
Lithuania 28 96
Nepal 28 96
Syrian Arab Rep. 28 96
Hong Kong 29 95
Iran 29 95
Poland 29 95
Dominican Rep. 30 94
Egypt 30 94
Korea (Rep. ) 30 94
Tajikistan 30 94
Estonia 31 93
Greece 31 93
Latvia 31 93
Singapore 31 93
Venezuela 31 93
Madagascar 32 91
Mongolia 32 91
India 33 90
Solomon Islands 34 89
Georgia 35 88
Croatia 36 87
Nigeria 36 87
United Arab Emirates 36 87
Qatar 37 86
Zambia 37 86
Kenya 38 85
Cameroon 39 84
Guatemala 40 82
Iraq 41 78
Kuwait 42 77
Uzbekistan 43 76
Mauritania 44 75
Saudi Arabia 44 75
Ghana 45 74
Morocco 45 74
Oman 45 74
Papua New Guinea 45 74
Uganda 46 68
Gambia 47 67
Tanzania 48 66
Senegal 49 65
Côte d'Ivoire 50 60
Democratic Congo 51 59
Benin 52 57
Mozambique 53 50
Eritrea 54 48
Sudan 55 47
Burundi 56 46
BOTTOM 10    
Guinea-Bissau 57 45
Guinea 58 41
Mali 59 40
Yemen 59 40
Chad 60 39
Djibouti 61 33
Afghanistan 62 32
Burkina Faso 63 31
Ethiopia 64 30
Niger 65 23

Enrollment Rate in Secondary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 139

Period: 1996


Average Gross Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 31.1%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 71.9%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 98.1%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 74.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 70.6%

North & Central America . . . . 61.9%

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 71.0%

South America . . . . . . . 63.2%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 52.8%



Gross enrollment in secondary level education is defined as the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to secondary schooling. The resulting ratio is presented as a percentage. Because the number of students enrolled may exceed the number of students who fall into the official age group to attend secondary school, the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Secondary level education, like primary, varies from country to country. The duration may be as short as four years, as in the case of Chile, or it may be as long as fourteen years as it is in Yemen. The age at which students enter secondary education also varies, as does the compulsory nature of attendance. Secondary education is generally divided into two parts, lower (earlier) and upper (later) secondary education. For purposes of this list, the entire period of secondary education is taken as a whole.

Countries are listed in descending order of their secondary level gross enrollment rates. They are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 148% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 146% is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 148-151.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 148-151.
TOP 10    
Australia 1 148
Belgium 2 146
Sweden 3 140
Netherlands 4 137
United Kingdom 5 129
Denmark 6 121
Spain 7 120
Finland 8 118
Ireland 8 118
Norway 8 118
UPPER MIDDLE    
New Zealand 9 114
France 10 111
Portugal 10 111
Canada 11 105
Estonia 12 104
Germany 12 104
Iceland 12 104
Austria 13 103
Japan 13 103
Korea (Rep. ) 14 102
Czech Rep. 15 99
Hungary 16 98
Poland 16 98
Cyprus 17 97
United States 17 97
Greece 18 95
Italy 18 95
South Africa 18 95
Bahrain 19 94
Slovakia 19 94
Uzbekistan 19 94
Belarus 20 93
Slovenia 21 92
Armenia 22 90
Israel 23 88
Luxembourg 23 88
Kazakhstan 24 87
Lithuania 25 86
Uruguay 26 85
Latvia 27 84
Malta 27 84
Croatia 28 82
Cuba 29 81
Lebanon 29 81
Moldova 30 80
Qatar 30 80
United Arab Emirates 30 80
Kyrgyzstan 31 79
Romania 32 78
Tajikistan 32 78
Argentina 33 77
Azerbaijan 33 77
Brunei Darussalam 33 77
Bulgaria 33 77
Georgia 33 77
Iran 33 77
Philippines 33 77
Chile 34 75
Egypt 34 75
Guyana 34 75
Sri Lanka 34 75
Singapore 35 74
Trinidad & Tobago 35 74
Hong Kong 36 73
China 37 70
Peru 37 70
Panama 38 69
Oman 39 67
Botswana 40 65
LOWER MIDDLE    
Kuwait 40 65
Tunisia 40 65
Malaysia 41 64
Mauritius 41 64
Mexico 41 64
Algeria 42 63
Macedonia 42 63
Montenegro 42 63
Serbia 42 63
Samoa 43 62
Colombia 44 61
Namibia 44 61
Saudi Arabia 45 58
Turkey 45 58
Brazil 46 56
Mongolia 46 56
Thailand 46 56
Nicaragua 47 55
Dominican Rep. 48 54
Swaziland 48 54
Congo 49 53
Indonesia 50 51
Ecuador 51 50
Belize 52 49
India 52 49
Zimbabwe 52 49
Costa Rica 53 47
Vietnam 53 47
Paraguay 54 43
Iraq 55 42
Nepal 55 42
Syrian Arab Rep. 55 42
Venezuela 56 40
Morocco 57 39
Albania 58 38
El Salvador 59 34
Yemen 59 34
Nigeria 60 33
Lesotho 61 31
Myanmar 62 30
Lao 63 28
Cameroon 64 27
Togo 64 27
Zambia 64 27
Democratic Congo 65 26
Guatemala 65 26
Côte d'Ivoire 66 25
Cambodia 67 24
Kenya 67 24
Afghanistan 68 22
Comoros 69 21
Sudan 69 21
Eritrea 70 20
Gambia 71 19
Benin 72 18
Solomon Islands 73 17
Madagascar 74 16
Mauritania 74 16
Senegal 74 16
Djibouti 75 14
BOTTOM 10    
Guinea 75 14
Papua New Guinea 75 14
Mali 76 13
Ethiopia 77 12
Uganda 77 12
Chad 78 9
Malawi 79 8
Mozambique 80 7
Niger 80 7
Tanzania 81 5

Female Enrollment Rate in Secondary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 132

Period: 1996


Average Gross Female Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 28.6%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 70.5%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 101.9%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . 75.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . 67.6%

North & Central America . . . 63.4%

Oceania . . . . . . . . 71.2%

South America . . . . . . 63.9%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 49.1%



Gross female enrollment in secondary level education is defined as the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, divided by the female population of the age group which officially corresponds to secondary schooling. The resulting ratio is presented as a percentage. Because the number of female students enrolled may exceed the number of females in the population of the official age group to attend secondary school, the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Secondary level education, like primary, varies from country to country. The duration may be as short as four years, as in the case of Chile, or it may be as long as fourteen years as it is in Yemen. The age at which students enter secondary education also varies, as does the compulsory nature of attendance. Secondary education is generally divided into two parts, lower (earlier) and upper (later) secondary education. For purposes of this list, the entire period of secondary education is taken as a whole.

Countries are listed in descending order of their secondary level gross enrollment rates. They are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 153% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 151% (in this case the next lowest rate) is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 148-151.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 148-151.
TOP 10    
Sweden 1 153
Belgium 2 151
Australia 3 148
United Kingdom 4 139
Netherlands 5 134
Finland 6 125
Spain 7 123
Denmark 8 122
Ireland 8 122
New Zealand 9 117
UPPER MIDDLE    
Norway 10 116
Portugal 10 116
France 11 111
Estonia 12 109
Canada 13 105
Japan 14 104
Germany 15 103
South Africa 15 103
Austria 16 102
Iceland 16 102
Korea (Rep. ) 16 102
Czech Rep. 17 100
Cyprus 18 99
Hungary 18 99
Bahrain 19 98
Poland 20 97
United States 20 97
Greece 21 96
Slovakia 21 96
Belarus 22 95
Italy 22 95
Slovenia 23 93
Kazakhstan 24 91
Luxembourg 25 90
Lithuania 26 88
Uzbekistan 26 88
Israel 27 87
Cuba 28 85
Latvia 28 85
Lebanon 29 84
Croatia 30 83
Kyrgyzstan 30 83
Brunei Darussalam 31 82
Malta 31 82
Moldova 31 82
United Arab Emirates 31 82
Argentina 32 81
Azerbaijan 32 81
Armenia 33 79
Qatar 33 79
Chile 34 78
Guyana 34 78
Philippines 34 78
Romania 34 78
Sri Lanka 34 78
Bulgaria 35 76
Georgia 35 76
Hong Kong 35 76
Trinidad & Tobago 36 75
Tajikistan 37 74
Iran 38 73
Egypt 39 70
Malaysia 40 69
Botswana 41 68
Peru 42 67
LOWER MIDDLE    
China 43 66
Colombia 43 66
Mauritius 43 66
Namibia 43 66
Oman 43 66
Samoa 43 66
Kuwait 44 65
Mongolia 44 65
Mexico 45 64
Tunisia 46 63
Algeria 47 62
Macedonia 47 62
Dominican Rep. 48 61
Nicaragua 49 60
Saudi Arabia 50 54
Swaziland 50 54
Belize 51 52
Ecuador 52 50
Costa Rica 53 49
Indonesia 54 48
Turkey 54 48
Venezuela 55 46
Vietnam 55 46
Congo 56 45
Paraguay 56 45
Zimbabwe 56 45
Syrian Arab Rep. 57 40
India 58 39
Albania 59 38
El Salvador 60 36
Lesotho 60 36
Morocco 61 34
Nepal 62 33
Iraq 63 32
Myanmar 64 30
Nigeria 64 30
Guatemala 65 25
Lao 66 23
Cameroon 67 22
Kenya 67 22
Zambia 68 21
Sudan 69 20
Comoros 70 19
Democratic Congo 70 19
Gambia 70 19
Cambodia 71 17
Eritrea 71 17
Côte d'Ivoire 72 16
Madagascar 72 16
Solomon Islands 73 14
Togo 73 14
Yemen 73 14
Afghanistan 74 12
Djibouti 74 12
Malawi 74 12
Senegal 74 12
Benin 75 11
BOTTOM 10    
Mauritania 75 11
Papua New Guinea 75 11
Ethiopia 76 10
Uganda 77 9
Mali 78 8
Guinea 79 7
Mozambique 80 5
Niger 80 5
Tanzania 80 5
Chad 81 4

Enrollment Rate in Tertiary or Higher Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 120

Period: 1996


Average Gross Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . . 4.6%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 26.7%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 37.7%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 25.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 18.6%

North & Central America . . . . 29.9%

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 48.6%

South America . . . . . . . 20.4%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 10.2%



Gross enrollment in tertiary level education is defined as the total enrollment in higher education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the five year age group following the conclusion of secondary level education. Because the number of students enrolled may exceed the number of students who fall into the official age group to attend higher school, the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Tertiary level education varies from country to country. For many, all vocational training which occurs after the completion of secondary level education is a part of tertiary level education. For others, only university level education is counted as tertiary level education. As a result, the following ranking is only a general assessment of participation in tertiary or higher education systems and is not a direct comparison of like systems.

Countries are listed in descending order of their tertiary level gross enrollment rates and are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 87% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 81% (in this case the next closest rate) is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 156-159.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 156-159.
TOP 10    
Canada 1 87
United States 2 81
Australia 3 80
Finland 4 74
Korea (Rep. ) 5 68
New Zealand 6 63
Norway 7 62
Belgium 8 56
United Kingdom 9 52
France 10 51
UPPER MIDDLE    
Spain 10 51
Sweden 11 50
Austria 12 48
Denmark 12 48
Germany 13 47
Greece 13 47
Italy 13 47
Netherlands 13 47
Belarus 14 44
Russian Federation 15 43
Estonia 16 42
Georgia 16 42
Puerto Rico 16 42
Bulgaria 17 41
Ireland 17 41
Israel 17 41
Japan 18 40
Portugal 19 39
Iceland 20 38
Argentina 21 36
Slovenia 21 36
Kazakhstan 22 33
Latvia 22 33
Switzerland 22 33
Panama 23 32
Lithuania 24 31
Barbados 25 29
Malta 25 29
Philippines 25 29
Croatia 26 28
Macau 26 28
Lebanon 27 27
Qatar 27 27
Peru 28 26
Poland 29 25
Czech Rep. 30 24
Hungary 30 24
Cyprus 31 23
Dominican Rep. 31 23
Montenegro 32 22
Romania 32 22
Serbia 32 22
Slovakia 32 22
Tajikistan 33 21
Turkey 33 21
Egypt 34 20
Macedonia 34 20
Kuwait 35 19
El Salvador 36 18
LOWER MIDDLE    
Iran 36 18
Azerbaijan 37 17
Colombia 37 17
Mongolia 37 17
South Africa 37 17
Mexico 38 16
Saudi Arabia 38 16
Syrian Arab Rep. 38 16
Brazil 39 14
Tunisia 39 14
Albania 40 12
Algeria 40 12
Armenia 40 12
Cuba 40 12
Malaysia 40 12
Nicaragua 40 12
United Arab Emirates 40 12
Guyana 41 11
Morocco 41 11
Honduras 42 10
Luxembourg 42 10
Paraguay 42 10
Jamaica 43 8
Namibia 43 8
Oman 43 8
Trinidad & Tobago 43 8
Brunei Darussalam 44 7
India 44 7
Vietnam 44 7
Zimbabwe 44 7
Botswana 45 6
China 45 6
Côte d'Ivoire 45 6
Mauritius 45 6
Swaziland 45 6
Myanmar 46 5
Nepal 46 5
Mauritania 47 4
Togo 47 4
Yemen 47 4
Benin 48 3
Papua New Guinea 48 3
Senegal 48 3
Democratic Congo 49 2
Gambia 49 2
Lesotho 49 2
Madagascar 49 2
Uganda 49 2
Zambia 49 2
Burkina Faso 50 1
Cambodia 50 1
BOTTOM 10    
Chad 50 1
Comoros 50 1
Eritrea 50 1
Ethiopia 50 1
Guinea 50 1
Malawi 50 1
Mali 50 1
Tanzania 50 1
Djibouti 51 0
Mozambique 51 0

Female Enrollment Rate in Tertiary or Higher Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 107

Period: 1996


Average Gross Female Enrollment Rate by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . . 3.6%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 27.1%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 41.1%

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 7.0%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 18.3%

North & Central America . . . . 32.2%

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 52.6%

South America . . . . . . . 18.7%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 12.0%



Gross female enrollment in tertiary level education is defined as the total female enrollment in higher education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population in the five year age group following the conclusion of secondary level education. Because the number of female students enrolled may exceed the number of females who fall into the official age group to attend higher school, the gross enrollment rate may exceed 100%.

Tertiary level education varies from country to country. For many, all vocational training which occurs after the completion of secondary level education is a part of tertiary level education. For others, only university level education is counted as tertiary level education. Therefore, the following ranking is only a general assessment of female participation in tertiary or higher education systems and is not a direct comparison of like systems.

Countries are listed in descending order of their tertiary level gross enrollment rates and are ranked accordingly. Any country with a gross enrollment rate of 95% is ranked 1, while any country with a rate of 92% (in this case the next closest rate) is ranked 2, and so forth.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 156-159.

Country Rank (%)
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 156-159.
TOP 10    
Canada 1 95
United States 2 92
Australia 3 83
Finland 4 80
New Zealand 5 73
Norway 6 71
Belgium 7 57
France 7 57
Sweden 7 57
Spain 8 56
UPPER MIDDLE    
United Kingdom 8 56
Denmark 9 53
Bulgaria 10 52
Italy 10 52
Korea (Rep. ) 10 52
Austria 11 49
Belarus 11 49
Russian Federation 12 48
Estonia 13 46
Greece 13 46
Netherlands 13 46
Iceland 14 45
Georgia 15 44
Germany 15 44
Portugal 15 44
Ireland 16 43
Qatar 17 41
Slovenia 17 41
Latvia 18 40
Kazakhstan 19 38
Lithuania 19 38
Japan 20 36
Barbados 21 34
Philippines 22 33
Malta 23 32
Croatia 24 29
Macau 25 28
Poland 25 28
Dominican Rep. 26 27
Lebanon 26 27
Hungary 27 26
Cyprus 28 25
Switzerland 28 25
Kuwait 29 24
Mongolia 29 24
Romania 29 24
Serbia 29 24
Czech Rep. 30 23
Slovakia 30 23
Macedonia 31 22
United Arab Emirates 32 21
Azerbaijan 33 18
Colombia 33 18
LOWER MIDDLE    
El Salvador 33 18
Egypt 34 16
South Africa 34 16
Cuba 35 15
Mexico 35 15
Saudi Arabia 35 15
Turkey 35 15
Albania 36 14
Iran 37 13
Syrian Arab Rep. 37 13
Tajikistan 37 13
Guyana 38 12
Nicaragua 38 12
Tunisia 38 12
Paraguay 39 11
Algeria 40 10
Namibia 40 10
Honduras 41 9
Morocco 41 9
Brunei Darussalam 42 8
Jamaica 43 7
Luxembourg 43 7
Myanmar 43 7
Oman 43 7
Trinidad & Tobago 43 7
Botswana 44 6
Mauritius 44 6
Swaziland 44 6
India 45 5
China 46 4
Zimbabwe 46 4
Côte d'Ivoire 47 3
Lesotho 47 3
Madagascar 48 2
Papua New Guinea 48 2
Benin 49 1
Gambia 49 1
Mali 49 1
Mauritania 49 1
Togo 49 1
Uganda 49 1
Yemen 49 1
Zambia 49 1
Burkina Faso 50 0
BOTTOM 10    
Cambodia 50 0
Chad 50 0
Comoros 50 0
Djibouti 50 0
Eritrea 50 0
Ethiopia 50 0
Guinea 50 0
Malawi 50 0
Mozambique 50 0
Tanzania 50 0

Number of Primary Level Teachers

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 182

Period: For the most recent year available within the range 1992-1998


Average Number of Primary Teachers per Country by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 55,409

East & South Asia . . . . . 476,458

Europe. . . . . . . . . 65,260

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . 1,406

Middle East . . . . . . . 74,641

North & Cental America . . . 187,057

Oceania . . . . . . . . 13,664

South America . . . . . . 181,954

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 575,551



A straight count of the number of primary level teachers by country without reference to levels of teacher training is a somewhat limited measure. However, it does provide a rudimentary measure of comparison.

Worth noting is the fact that data reported by different countries are for different years and this must be considered in using these data.

Countries are listed and ranked in descending order of the number of primary level teachers they have.

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/85-II/109.

Country Rank  
Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/85-II/109.
TOP 10    
China 1 5,794,000
Thailand 2 3,412,122
India 3 1,789,733
United States 4 1,499,697
Brazil 5 1,413,607
Indonesia 6 1,327,178
Mexico 7 524,927
Nigeria 8 435,210
Japan 9 420,901
Russian Federation 10 395,000
UPPER MIDDLE    
Philippines 11 341,183
Poland 12 325,601
Vietnam 13 324,431
Egypt 14 310,116
Argentina 15 309,081
Iran 16 298,729
United Kingdom 17 283,492
Pakistan 18 283,100
Italy 19 251,827
Turkey 20 233,073
South Africa 21 224,896
Germany 22 224,517
France 23 211,192
Venezuela 24 202,195
Colombia 25 193,911
Bangladesh 26 189,508
Kenya 27 178,097
Saudi Arabia 28 175,458
Algeria 29 170,956
Spain 30 162,112
Peru 31 153,951
Canada 32 148,565
Malaysia 33 148,000
Iraq 34 145,455
Ukraine 35 133,600
Korea (Rep. ) 36 122,743
Democratic Congo 37 121,054
Myanmar 38 119,942
Syrian Arab Rep. 39 114,689
Morocco 40 114,406
Tanzania 41 109,936
Australia 42 103,774
Sudan 43 102,987
Uzbekistan 44 95,000
Cuba 45 92,820
Ethiopia 46 92,775
Yemen 47 90,478
Nepal 48 89,378
Netherlands 49 84,900
Uganda 50 82,745
Chile 51 80,155
Portugal 52 76,444
Ecuador 53 74,601
Ghana 54 71,863
Romania 55 71,829
Kazakhstan 56 66,700
Sri Lanka 57 66,339
Zimbabwe 58 64,538
Belgium 59 60,738
Tunisia 60 59,708
Sweden 61 58,365
Bolivia 62 51,763
Malawi 63 49,138
Israel 64 48,010
Greece 65 46,785
Jordan 66 45,367
Hungary 67 44,585
Madagascar 68 44,145
Guatemala 69 43,403
Cambodia 70 43,282
Paraguay 71 41,713
Côte d'Ivoire 72 40,529
Cameroon 73 39,384
Zambia 74 38,528
Switzerland 75 38,488
Azerbaijan 76 35,514
El Salvador 77 34,496
Denmark 78 33,100
Belarus 79 32,200
Albania 80 31,369
Austria 81 31,251
Honduras 82 28,888
Czech Rep. 83 28,356
Tajikistan 84 27,172
Haiti 85 26,208
Bulgaria 86 25,860
Lao 87 25,831
Mozambique 88 24,575
Kyrgyzstan 89 24,086
Finland 90 21,459
LOWER MIDDLE    
Serbia 91 21,368
Afghanistan 92 20,055
Hong Kong 93 19,710
New Zealand 94 19,523
Costa Rica 95 19,235
Rwanda 96 18,937
Togo 97 18,535
Senegal 98 18,373
Uruguay 99 16,868
Slovakia 100 16,820
Georgia 101 16,542
Turkmenistan 102 16,300
Ireland 103 16,202
United Arab Emirates 104 16,148
Gaza Strip & West Bank 105 15,903
Moldova 106 14,097
Lithuania 107 14,095
Burkina Faso 108 14,037
Benin 109 13,957
Guinea 110 13,883
Armenia 111 13,620
Macedonia 112 13,594
Papua New Guinea 113 13,457
Botswana 114 12,306
Oman 115 12,052
Niger 116 11,545
Latvia 117 10,883
Mali 118 10,853
Sierra Leone 119 10,850
Kuwait 120 10,798
Croatia 121 10,762
Singapore 122 10,618
Somalia 123 10,338
Burundi 124 10,316
Jamaica 125 9,512
Chad 126 9,395
Lesotho 127 7,898
Mongolia 128 7,587
Trinidad & Tobago 129 7,311
Slovenia 130 7,283
Estonia 131 7,276
Congo 132 7,060
Mauritius 133 6,434
Mauritania 134 6,225
Swaziland 135 6,094
Qatar 136 5,864
Eritrea 137 5,476
Gabon 138 4,943
Fiji 139 4,644
Cyprus 140 4,202
Suriname 141 3,695
Bahrain 142 3,536
Guyana 143 3,461
Gambia 144 3,370
Cape Verde 145 3,219
Brunei Darussalam 146 2,924
Martinique 147 2,603
Solomon Islands 148 2,514
French Polynesia 149 2,052
Maldives 150 1,992
Belize 151 1,976
Guadeloupe 152 1,920
Bhutan 153 1,859
Luxembourg 154 1,844
Malta 155 1,824
Barbados 156 1,553
Bahamas 157 1,540
Comoros 158 1,508
Samoa 159 1,479
Equatorial Guinea 160 1,381
Saint Lucia 161 1,214
Djibouti 162 1,096
St. Vincent... 163 1,080
Netherlands Antilles 164 1,077
Grenada 165 962
Vanuatu 166 852
French Guiana 167 802
Virgin Islands (US) 168 790
Tonga 169 754
Kiribati 170 727
Dominica 171 641
Seychelles 172 577
BOTTOM 10    
American Samoa 173 524
Bermuda 174 478
Saint Kitts & Nevis 175 350
San Marino 176 221
Gibraltar 177 172
Virgin Islands (British) 178 166
Monaco 179 102
Montserrat 180 85
Anguilla 181 80
Saint Helena 182 32

Number of Secondary Level Teachers

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 129

Period: For the most recent year available within the range 1993-1998


Average Number of Secondary Teachers per Country by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . 30,509

East & South Asia . . . . . 508,156

Europe. . . . . . . . . 122,014

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . 1,291

Middle East . . . . . . . 62,987

North & Central America . . . 155,280

Oceania . . . . . . . . 10,693

South America . . . . . . 82,497

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 207,915



A straight count of the number of secondary level teachers by country without reference to levels of teacher training is a somewhat limited measure. However, it does provide a rudimentary measure of comparison. This list ranks countries by the total number of secondary level teachers that are reported for each country. As is often the case with comparing international statistics, care must be taken in using these data since differences exist in the way these data were compiled by each country.

Differences worth noting include the fact that some countries list teachers equally whether they are full time or part time teachers. Teachers are listed without reference to whether or not they are assigned nonteaching duties. The level of training provided a teacher varies from country to country. Finally, the data reported by each country are for the most recent year available from that country. As a result, although the figure for Oman is for 1998, that presented for French Polynesia is for 1993, clearly not a truly equal comparison but the best that can be made.

Countries are listed and ranked in descending order of the number of secondary level teachers they have.

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/111-II/212.

Country Rank  
Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/111-II/212.
TOP 10    
China 1 4,437,000
United States 2 1,394,080
Indonesia 3 986,896
Japan 4 702,575
Germany 5 542,383
Mexico 6 485,059
France 7 483,493
United Kingdom 8 464,134
Italy 9 461,776
Egypt 10 424,586
UPPER MIDDLE    
Brazil 11 352,894
Uzbekistan 12 340,200
Iran 13 280,309
Spain 14 270,866
Vietnam 15 226,491
Turkey 16 218,829
Korea (Rep. ) 17 192,947
Romania 18 175,958
Colombia 19 169,816
Nigeria 20 152,596
Algeria 21 151,948
Canada 22 133,275
Bangladesh 23 130,949
Belgium 24 126,977
Argentina 25 125,218
Poland 26 121,301
Saudi Arabia 27 119,881
Czech Rep. 28 114,373
Hungary 29 109,902
Peru 30 106,614
Myanmar 31 106,515
Sri Lanka 32 103,572
Malaysia 33 102,139
Morocco 34 84,202
Austria 35 79,806
Sweden 36 78,732
Greece 37 70,682
Cuba 38 70,628
Netherlands 39 69,000
Bulgaria 40 67,088
Syrian Arab Rep. 41 64,661
Iraq 42 62,296
Democratic Congo 43 59,325
Georgia 44 57,963
Slovakia 45 54,694
Chile 46 51,042
Denmark 47 50,100
Kyrgyzstan 48 42,286
Kenya 49 38,307
Lithuania 50 36,932
Nepal 51 36,127
Croatia 52 31,070
Zimbabwe 53 30,482
Latvia 54 29,852
Moldova 55 28,615
New Zealand 56 28,548
Ireland 57 27,273
Ethiopia 58 25,984
Hong Kong 59 23,536
Guatemala 60 22,624
Kuwait 61 21,187
Cambodia 62 19,135
Afghanistan 63 17,548
Madagascar 64 16,795
LOWER MIDDLE    
Uganda 65 16,235
Sudan 66 15,504
Cameroon 67 14,917
Slovenia 68 14,573
Mongolia 69 13,171
Dominican Rep. 70 12,504
Tanzania 71 12,496
Oman 72 12,436
Bolivia 73 12,434
Panama 74 12,239
Lao 75 11,269
Estonia 76 11,098
Costa Rica 77 10,943
Jamaica 78 10,931
Honduras 79 10,203
United Arab Emirates 80 10,061
Jordan 81 9,300
El Salvador 82 9,255
Gaza Strip & West Bank 83 7,950
Congo 84 7,173
Botswana 85 6,670
Albania 86 6,321
Réunion 87 6,179
Sierra Leone 88 5,969
Mozambique 89 5,615
Togo 90 5,389
Benin 91 5,352
Macedonia 92 5,136
Guinea 93 4,958
Cyprus 94 4,934
Mauritius 95 4,737
Qatar 96 3,858
Martinique 97 3,784
Niger 98 3,579
Rwanda 99 3,413
Malta 100 3,180
Malawi 101 3,172
Bahrain 102 3,125
Gabon 103 3,094
Brunei Darussalam 104 2,961
Swaziland 105 2,954
Lesotho 106 2,878
Luxembourg 107 2,836
Chad 108 2,792
Burundi 109 2,562
Suriname 110 2,487
Guyana 111 2,150
Eritrea 112 2,071
Mauritania 113 2,067
New Caledonia 114 1,940
French Polynesia 115 1,592
Gambia 116 1,547
Cape Verde 117 1,372
Bahamas 118 1,352
Barbados 119 1,231
BOTTOM 10    
French Guiana 120 1,085
Belize 121 719
Seychelles 122 689
Saint Lucia 123 682
Djibouti 124 628
Equatorial Guinea 125 588
Grenada 126 377
Saint Kitts & Nevis 127 322
Monaco 128 281
Turks & Caicos Islands 129 101

Number of Tertiary or Higher Level Teachers

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 115

Period: For the most recent year available within the range 1992-1998


Average Number of Tertiary Level Teachers per Country by Region


Africa. . . . . . . . . . 3,268

East & South Asia . . . . . 102,039

Europe. . . . . . . . . 39,467

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . 127

Middle East . . . . . . . 11,356

North & Central America . . . 109,501

Oceania . . . . . . . . 10,833

South America . . . . . . 53,343

Southeast Asia . . . . . . 26,400



A straight count of the number of tertiary level teachers by country without reference to levels of teacher training is a somewhat limited measure. However, it does provide a rudimentary measure of comparison. This list ranks countries by the total number of tertiary level teachers that are reported for each country. As is often the case with comparing international statistics, care must be taken in using these data since differences exist in the way these data were compiled by each country.

Differences worth noting include the fact that some countries list teachers equally whether they are full time or part time teachers. Teachers are listed without reference to whether or not they are assigned nonteaching duties. The level of training provided a teacher varies from country to country. Finally, the data reported by each country are for the most recent year available from that country. As a result, although the figure for Mongolia is for 1998, that presented for Angola is for 1992, clearly not a truly equal comparison but the best that can be made.

Countries are listed and ranked in descending order of the number of tertiary level teachers they have.

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/213-II/261.

Country Rank  
Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, II/213-II/261.
TOP 10    
United States 1 915,321
China 2 516,400
Japan 3 401,509
Russian Federation 4 382,897
Germany 5 274,963
Canada 6 176,783
Mexico 7 170,350
Indonesia 8 157,695
Brazil 9 141,482
France 10 141,410
UPPER MIDDLE    
Korea (Rep. ) 11 114,231
United Kingdom 12 89,241
Spain 13 88,223
Poland 14 75,432
Italy 15 70,342
Colombia 16 66,538
Turkey 17 50,313
Peru 18 45,443
Venezuela 19 43,833
Iran 20 40,477
Belarus 21 40,300
Sweden 22 33,498
South Africa 23 27,099
Austria 24 26,356
Romania 25 26,310
Bulgaria 26 26,303
Georgia 27 25,549
Uzbekistan 28 24,787
Vietnam 29 23,522
Cuba 30 22,574
Bangladesh 31 22,447
Algeria 32 19,910
Czech Rep. 33 19,769
Hungary 34 19,103
Nigeria 35 18,010
Greece 36 16,057
Azerbaijan 37 15,929
Saudi Arabia 38 15,868
Malaysia 39 14,960
Norway 40 13,665
Morocco 41 13,155
Lithuania 42 13,136
Ecuador 43 12,856
New Zealand 44 10,833
Lebanon 45 10,444
Uruguay 46 9,907
Slovakia 47 9,849
Dominican Rep. 48 9,041
Ireland 49 8,979
Iraq 50 8,818
Moldova 51 8,814
Singapore 52 6,689
Tunisia 53 6,641
Hong Kong 54 6,504
Croatia 55 6,038
El Salvador 56 5,910
Myanmar 57 5,730
LOWER MIDDLE    
Jordan 58 5,275
Panama 59 4,979
Latvia 60 4,486
Estonia 61 4,435
Honduras 62 4,078
Armenia 63 4,065
Slovenia 64 3,907
Nicaragua 65 3,840
Kyrgyzstan 66 3,691
Mongolia 67 3,331
Sri Lanka 68 2,636
Uganda 69 2,606
Macedonia 70 2,462
Gaza Strip & West Bank 71 2,443
Albania 72 2,348
Sudan 73 2,165
Tanzania 74 1,822
Kuwait 75 1,691
Lao 76 1,369
Afghanistan 77 1,342
Congo 78 1,321
Oman 79 1,307
Cameroon 80 1,086
Cyprus 81 1,061
Cambodia 82 1,001
Benin 83 962
Guinea 84 947
Mozambique 85 915
Mali 86 796
Angola 87 787
Botswana 88 765
Malta 89 709
Bahrain 90 655
Haiti 91 654
Qatar 92 643
Sierra Leone 93 600
Lesotho 94 574
Burundi 95 556
Malawi 96 531
Mauritius 97 474
Swaziland 98 467
Togo 99 443
Jamaica 100 418
Burkina Faso 101 352
Rwanda 102 331
Somalia 103 324
Mauritania 104 270
Virgin Islands (US) 105 266
BOTTOM 10    
Brunei Darussalam 106 238
Niger 107 232
Eritrea 108 198
Saint Lucia 109 157
Gambia 110 155
Bermuda 111 67
Equatorial Guinea 112 58
Saint Kitts & Nevis 113 51
Dominica 114 34
Seychelles 115 28

Pupil-to-Teacher Ratio in Primary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 144

Period: 1996


Average Pupil-to-Teacher Ratio in Primary Level Education by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . . 41:1

East & South Asia . . . . . . 29:1

Europe . . . . . . . . . . 16:1

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 27:1

Middle East . . . . . . . . 20:1

North & Central America . . . . 26:1

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 24:1

South America . . . . . . . 24:1

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 30:1



The pupil-to-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher at the particular level of education being measured. A rate of 20 means that on average a primary level teacher in that country instructs 20 students at any one time. This is a useful measure for assessing the quantity of oneon-one time that a student might expect to receive in a particular educational system. Although one of the more useful means of comparing education systems, several things must be kept in mind when using the data presented below. Because the number of teachers used to calculate the pupil-to-teacher ratio does not differentiate between full-time and part-time teachers, comparability of these ratios may be affected as the proportion of part-time teachers varies from one country to another.

Countries are listed in ascending order by pupil-to-teacher ratio, and ranked accordingly. Countries not included did not report pupil-to-teacher ratios for 1996.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 152-155.

Country Rank Ratio
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 152-155.
TOP 10    
San Marino 1 5
Qatar 2 9
Denmark 3 10
Hungary 4 11
Italy 4 11
Austria 5 12
Cuba 5 12
Sweden 5 12
Switzerland 5 12
Kuwait 6 13
UPPER MIDDLE    
Latvia 6 13
Saudi Arabia 6 13
Greece 7 14
Slovenia 7 14
Brunei Darussalam 8 15
Cyprus 8 15
Luxembourg 8 15
Poland 8 15
Canada 9 16
Lithuania 9 16
Netherlands 9 16
United Arab Emirates 9 16
United States 9 16
Australia 10 17
Bulgaria 10 17
Estonia 10 17
Germany 10 17
Seychelles 10 17
Spain 10 17
Albania 11 18
Argentina 11 18
Bahrain 11 18
Finland 11 18
Georgia 11 18
New Zealand 11 18
Armenia 12 19
Croatia 12 19
Czech Rep. 12 19
France 12 19
Japan 12 19
Macedonia 12 19
Malaysia 12 19
Malta 12 19
Monaco 12 19
United Kingdom 12 19
Azerbaijan 13 20
Belarus 13 20
Iraq 13 20
Kyrgyzstan 13 20
Mauritius 13 20
Romania 13 20
Slovakia 13 20
Uruguay 13 20
Paraguay 14 21
Uzbekistan 14 21
Venezuela 14 21
Bahamas 15 22
Indonesia 15 22
Ireland 15 22
Egypt 16 23
Moldova 16 23
Syrian Arab Rep. 16 23
Brazil 17 24
China 17 24
Hong Kong 17 24
Kiribati 17 24
Samoa 17 24
Solomon Islands 17 24
Tajikistan 17 24
Tunisia 17 24
Botswana 18 25
LOWER MIDDLE    
Colombia 18 25
Jordan 18 25
Maldives 18 25
Singapore 18 25
Trinidad & Tobago 18 25
Belize 19 26
Oman 19 26
Saint Lucia 19 26
Algeria 20 27
Peru 20 27
Ecuador 21 28
Mexico 21 28
Morocco 21 28
Sri Lanka 21 28
Turkey 21 28
Cape Verde 22 29
Costa Rica 22 29
Dominica 22 29
Ghana 22 29
Guyana 22 29
Sudan 22 29
Chile 23 30
El Salvador 23 30
Gambia 23 30
Kenya 23 30
Lao 23 30
Yemen 23 30
Iran 24 31
Korea (Rep. ) 24 31
Mongolia 24 31
Jamaica 25 32
Vietnam 25 32
Djibouti 26 34
Swaziland 26 34
Guatemala 27 35
Honduras 27 35
Philippines 27 35
Uganda 27 35
Nicaragua 28 36
South Africa 28 36
Tanzania 28 36
Madagascar 29 37
Nigeria 29 37
Papua New Guinea 29 37
Nepal 30 39
Zambia 30 39
Zimbabwe 30 39
Côte d'Ivoire 31 41
Comoros 32 42
Niger 32 42
Ethiopia 33 43
Eritrea 34 44
Democratic Congo 35 45
Cambodia 36 46
Myanmar 36 46
Togo 36 46
India 37 47
Lesotho 37 47
Cameroon 38 49
Guinea 38 49
Guinea-Bissau 38 49
Burkina Faso 39 50
Burundi 39 50
BOTTOM 10    
Mauritania 39 50
Gabon 40 51
Benin 41 56
Senegal 41 56
Afghanistan 42 58
Mozambique 42 58
Malawi 43 59
Chad 44 67
Congo 45 70
Mali 46 71

Pupil-to-Teacher Ratio in Secondary Level Education

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 117

Period: 1996


Average Pupil-to-Teacher Ratio in Secondary Level Education by Region


Africa . . . . . . . . . . 25:1

East & South Asia . . . . . . 18:1

Europe . . . . . . . . . . 12:1

Lesser Antilles . . . . . . . 19:1

Middle East . . . . . . . . 16:1

North & Central America . . . . 19:1

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 18:1

South America . . . . . . . 19:1

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 20:1



The pupil-to-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher at the particular level of education being measured. A rate of 18 means that on average a secondary level teacher in that country instructs 18 students at any one time. This is a useful measure for assessing the quantity of one-on-one time that a student might expect to receive in a particular educational system. Although one of the more useful means of comparing education systems, several things must be kept in mind when using the data presented below. Because the number of teachers used to calculate the pupil-to-teacher ratio does not differentiate between full-time and part-time teachers, comparability of these ratios may be affected as the proportion of part-time teachers varies from one country to another.

Countries are listed in ascending order by pupil-to-teacher ratio in the secondary level education system, and ranked accordingly. Any country that does not appear on this list is omitted because that country did not report pupil-to-teacher ratios for 1996.

Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 152-155.

Country Rank Ratio
Source: UNESCO, World Education Report 2000, pp. 152-155.
TOP 10    
Armenia 1 6
Georgia 2 8
Latvia 2 8
Luxembourg 2 8
Austria 3 9
Azerbaijan 3 9
Denmark 3 9
Uzbekistan 3 9
Estonia 4 10
Hungary 4 10
UPPER MIDDLE    
Lithuania 4 10
Qatar 4 10
Brunei Darussalam 5 11
Bulgaria 5 11
Cuba 5 11
Italy 5 11
Kuwait 5 11
Malta 5 11
Sweden 5 11
Australia 6 12
Czech Rep. 6 12
Finland 6 12
Greece 6 12
Monaco 6 12
Paraguay 6 12
Romania 6 12
Cyprus 7 13
Ecuador 7 13
Kyrgyzstan 7 13
Saudi Arabia 7 13
Slovakia 7 13
United Arab Emirates 7 13
United Kingdom 7 13
Belize 8 14
Croatia 8 14
Germany 8 14
Indonesia 8 14
Japan 8 14
Seychelles 8 14
Bahrain 9 15
Kenya 9 15
Mongolia 9 15
Slovenia 9 15
United States 9 15
Bahamas 10 16
Myanmar 10 16
New Zealand 10 16
Tajikistan 10 16
Albania 11 17
Algeria 11 17
China 11 17
Egypt 11 17
Jordan 11 17
Kiribati 11 17
Lao 11 17
Macedonia 11 17
Mexico 11 17
Morocco 11 17
LOWER MIDDLE    
Saint Lucia 11 17
Syrian Arab Rep. 11 17
Tanzania 11 17
Botswana 12 18
Cambodia 12 18
Madagascar 12 18
Oman 12 18
Uganda 12 18
Canada 13 19
Malaysia 13 19
Peru 13 19
Samoa 13 19
Swaziland 13 19
Tunisia 13 19
Colombia 14 20
Costa Rica 14 20
Hong Kong 14 20
Iraq 14 20
Mauritius 14 20
Singapore 14 20
Trinidad & Tobago 15 21
Yemen 15 21
Dominican Rep. 16 22
Malawi 16 22
Poland 16 22
Sri Lanka 16 22
Lesotho 17 24
Papua New Guinea 17 24
Senegal 17 24
Turkey 17 24
Cape Verde 18 25
Comoros 18 25
Korea (Rep. ) 18 25
Mauritania 19 26
Sudan 19 26
Benin 20 27
Gabon 20 27
Mali 20 27
Zimbabwe 20 27
Afghanistan 21 28
Djibouti 21 28
Niger 21 28
Guinea 22 29
Guinea-Bissau 22 29
Guyana 22 29
South Africa 22 29
Vietnam 22 29
Cameroon 23 31
Côte d'Ivoire 23 31
BOTTOM 10    
Iran 24 32
Philippines 24 32
Congo 25 33
India 25 33
Togo 26 34
Ethiopia 27 35
Chad 28 37
Mozambique 29 38
Nicaragua 30 39
Eritrea 31 45

Students from Abroad Enrolled in Local Universities

Total Number of Countries Ranked: 79

Period: Most recent year for which data are available within the range 1994-1997


Average Percentage of Tertiary Students in Local Universities that are Foreigners by Region.


Africa . . . . . . . . . 3.59%

East & South Asia . . . . . . 3.55%

Europe . . . . . . . . . 3.46%

Middle East . . . . . . . . 8.25%

North & Central America . . . . 1.65%

Oceania . . . . . . . . . 5.24%

South America . . . . . . . 0.50%

Southeast Asia . . . . . . . 0.30%



This table presents a listing of countries in order of the number of foreign students that each had studying in its tertiary level institutions for the most recent year in which it reported. In most cases these institutions are universities.

Countries on this list reported the number of foreign students in their tertiary level institutions by country or continent of origin. Any country that reported a gross total of foreign students in its universities without reference to the origin of these students was not included in the publication from which these data are drawn. This, at least in part, explains why only seventy nine countries are included in this list. Two countries that are notable for their absence are Canada and Brazil.

Another measure of interest here is the percentage of the overall tertiary student body that is made up of foreign students. For that reason, this table includes, instead of a ranking, the percentage of tertiary students that are foreigners in each country listed. This appears as the second column of the table. However, the countries are listed in descending order of their overall tertiary level foreign student population.

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, pp. II/486-II/489

Country % of All Students Foreign Students
Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1999, pp. II/486-II/489
TOP 10    
United States 3.2 453,785
United Kingdom 10.5 198,839
Germany 7.8 165,977
France NA 138,191
Australia 9.8 102,284
Russian Federation 1.6 73,172
Japan 1.4 53,511
Belgium 9.9 34,966
Austria NA 27,172
Italy 1.3 24,858
UPPER MIDDLE    
Switzerland 16.3 24,093
Spain 1.4 21,403
Ukraine 1.2 18,302
Lebanon 22.4 18,253
Turkey 1.3 14,719
Romania 4.0 14,181
Argentina NA 12,678
South Africa 2.0 12,625
Sweden 4.4 12,189
Syrian Arab Rep. 7.1 11,790
Denmark 5.1 8,982
Bulgaria 3.2 8,496
Tajikistan 8.8 6,726
Egypt 0.8 6,726
New Zealand 3.8 6,415
Hungary 5.4 6,399
Portugal 2.0 6,140
Ireland 4.4 5,975
Saudi Arabia 2.1 5,361
Poland 0.7 5,202
Philippines 0.2 4,864
Cuba 3.8 4,243
Azerbaijan 3.5 3,986
Czech Rep. 1.9 3,901
Finland 1.7 3,829
Belarus 1.1 3,714
Morocco 1.5 3,617
Kazakhstan 0.7 2,928
Tunisia 2.3 2,861
LOWER MIDDLE    
Kuwait 9.4 2,694
Korea (Rep. ) 0.1 2,143
Slovakia 1.7 1,725
Cyprus 16.8 1,675
United Arab Emirates 9.8 1,584
Qatar 16.0 1,360
Macau 16.4 1,224
Moldova 1.3 1,187
Serbia 0.7 1,180
Indonesia NA 1,147
Norway 6.2 1,125
Armenia 2.2 869
Latvia 1.5 850
Burkina Faso 8.0 755
Benin 5.3 740
Croatia 0.8 725
Panama 1.0 708
Madagascar 2.5 678
Iran 0.1 622
Honduras 1.0 521
Togo 3.7 480
El Salvador 0.4 473
Slovenia 0.8 425
Lithuania 0.6 370
Macedonia 1.0 313
Mongolia 0.6 283
Papua New Guinea 2.1 281
Nicaragua 0.5 279
Gabon 4.9 227
Swaziland 5.7 196
BOTTOM 10    
Iceland 2.3 185
Trinidad & Tobago 2.4 142
Lesotho 2.5 133
Kyrgyzstan 0.3 125
Eritrea 3.8 117
Georgia NA 69
Malta 1.1 62
Lao 0.4 56
Sri Lanka 0.1 55
Guyana 0.5 38
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almost 3 years ago

Primary level education varies from country to country. The duration may be as short as four years or as long as eight years. The age at which students enter primary education may be anywhere from 4 to 7 years. As a result, the following ranking is only a general assessment of female participation in the primary education systems and is not a direct comparison of like systems.

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about 3 years ago

thank you for sharing data, I was very impressed with them. hope that will be the next exciting to share.
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